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Dalton Trans. 2019 Mar 12;48(11):3714-3722. doi: 10.1039/c9dt00242a.

Electrochemical investigation of uncapped AgBiS2 (schapbachite) synthesized using in situ melts of xanthate precursors.

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Department of Chemistry, University of Zululand, Private Bag X1001, Kwa-Dlangezwa 3880, South Africa.


In this study, a facile and potentially scalable synthesis of AgBiS2 (schapbachite) using melts of metal xanthates is presented; AgBiS2 is both a significant mineral and a technologically important material. This ternary material was synthesized by a novel and low-cost solventless route using simple ethyl xanthate complexes of silver and bismuth. p-XRD analysis indicates that the synthesized ternary material is highly crystalline and belongs to the cubic phase (schapbachite). The electrochemical properties of the material were tested; the potential of the synthesized material for application in charge storage shows a high specific capacitance of 460 F g-1 at 2 mV s-1. A capacitance retention of 83% with a 100% coulombic efficiency was observed after 3000 cycles. The charge storage potential, analysed by fabricating actual symmetrical devices, shows a specific capacitance of 14 F g-1 at 2 mV s-1. An energy density of 26 W h kg-1 and a power density of 3.6 kW kg-1 were observed. Besides, the potential for the oxygen evolution reaction was also studied. An overpotential of 414 mV and a Tafel slope of 134 mV dec-1 were obtained for water oxidation. The fabrication of an electrolyzer cell using the synthesized material as the cathode indicates that a current of 10 mA cm-2 can be achieved at a potential of 1.63 V.


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