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Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2019 Aug 1;94(2):E54-E60. doi: 10.1002/ccd.27981. Epub 2018 Nov 25.

Usefulness of longitudinal reconstructed optical coherence tomography images for predicting the need for the reverse wire technique during coronary bifurcation interventions.

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Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Nara Medical University, Nara, Japan.



The aim is to investigate the usefulness of longitudinal reconstructed optical coherence tomography (OCT) images in selecting the reverse wire (RW) technique for inserting a guidewire into a side branch (SB).


It is sometimes necessary to protect the SB with a guidewire to prevent SB complications in PCI for bifurcation lesions. The RW is a novel method for guidewire insertion into an extremely angulated SB when the standard antegrade wire (AW) approach is difficult.


This retrospective study included 46 consecutive patients who underwent OCT-guided PCI in bifurcation lesions with significant SB stenosis. Patients were divided into two groups: 36 patients with successful guidewire crossing using the AW (AW group) and 10 patients with unsuccessful AW but successful RW guidewire crossing (RW group). SB angle and branch point (BP) slope, defined as the angle between the line connecting the proximal and distal BPs and the vertical, were measured using longitudinal reconstructed OCT images.


The RW group had a significantly larger SB angle and higher BP slope than the AW group (108.7 ± 11.4° vs. 76.2 ± 14.9°; P < 0.0001, 128.7 ± 31.6° vs. 82.9 ± 33.6°; P = 0.0004, respectively). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis indicated that SB angle ≥ 100° and BP slope ≥ 120° are optimal cutoff values for predicting the need for RW (area under the curve 0.97, sensitivity 90.0%, specificity 91.7%; area under the curve 0.83, sensitivity 80.0%, specificity 86.1%, respectively).


Longitudinal reconstructed OCT is useful for selecting the wiring technique for bifurcation lesions.


coronary artery disease; imaging, optical coherence tomography; percutaneous coronary intervention


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