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Membranes (Basel). 2019 Nov 19;9(11). pii: E155. doi: 10.3390/membranes9110155.

Design of a Novel Membrane Draft Tube Jet Loop Reactor (MDJLR) and Treatment of Slaughterhouse Wastewater.

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1
Environmental Engineering Department, Engineering Faculty, Balıkesir University, 10145 Balikesir, Turkey.

Abstract

The most important obstacle to the widespread use of membrane bioreactors (MBRs) is membrane fouling. In this study, a high-efficiency compact MBR was developed. Therefore, the draft tube of the jet loop reactor (JLB) was planned for use as a membrane module. The high-velocity jet streams, which are present according to the nature of the JLBs, provide high crossflow (cut-off force) on the membrane surface. Thus, the produced membrane module is operated in submerged membrane mode. This enhanced JLB modification is named the membrane draft tube jet loop reactor (MDJLR). This new system has a KLa value of 139 h-1 (at E/V of 2.24 kW m-3). In the next stage, treatment of slaughterhouse wastewater with the MDJLR was carried out. Under the 5.5 kg COD m-3 d-1 loading rate, efficiencies over 97% were achieved. The system operated continuously for 50 days without membrane backwashing or cleaning. During this period, fluxes of 3 L m-2·h-1 were approximately obtained at operating conditions of 850 mg L-1 MLSS (mixed liquor suspended solids) concentration, 1 bar suction pressure (∆P), and 3000 L h-1 circulation rate. This developed MDJLR will make jet loop membrane bioreactors (JLMBRs) and MBRs more compact and improve their performance.

KEYWORDS:

high compact reactor; jet loop reactor; membrane bioreactor; membrane fouling; ultra-filtration

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