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Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019 Nov 7;16(22). pii: E4355. doi: 10.3390/ijerph16224355.

Functional Laterality of the Lower Limbs Accompanying Special Exercises in the Context of Hurdling.

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Faculty of Physical Education and Physiotherapy, Department of Sport University of Technology in Opole, 45-758 Opole, Poland.
Faculty of Sport and Health Science, Ritsumeikan University, 1-1-1 Nojihigashi, Kusatsu 525-8577, Shiga, Japan.



The purpose of this study was to investigate the lateralization of the lead leg during special exercises and the relationship with athletic performance throughout a hurdling session.


Thirty-eight physical education students participated in the study. A novel three-part "OSI" test (walking over hurdles arranged in a circle, spiral, and straight line) was performed, and various hurdle practices (jogging and running) were selected as research tools. The lead leg selected by the participants was taken into consideration, and the relationship between the chosen lead leg and athletic performance in the five tests was established.


The lateralization of the lead leg changed depending on the shape of the running course. The results of further analysis showed (i) no correlation between the use of the right leg as the lead leg in three tests conducted at a marching pace, and (ii) a significant positive correlation between tests performed at the marching and running paces.


Hurdlers flexibly change the dominant leading leg depending on the shape of the running course. The results of this research could prove helpful in the training of athletes for hurdling competitions, especially young runners in 400-m hurdles involving straight and corner tracks.


functional asymmetry; hurdle exercises; hurdle run; teaching hurdles

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