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Theor Appl Genet. 1994 Oct;89(2-3):249-54. doi: 10.1007/BF00225149.

Genetic constitution of germ cells in intervarietal and interspecific chimeras of Brassica induced by in-vitro grafting.

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Faculty of General Education, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Fuchu, 183, Tokyo, Japan.


The characteristics of intervarietal and interspecific chimeras synthesized by the graft-culture method were determined by morphology, anthocyanin pigmentation pattern, and crossing. In an intervarietal chimera between 'YR-ranpou' (green cabbage) and 'Ruby ball' (red cabbage) in Brassica oleracea, a segregation phenomenon was noted in which seeds giving rise to purple and green plants were both produced in a single capsule in F1 progeny from crosses of chimeras with YR ranpou, the anthocyanin-free graft partner type. The degrees of segregation varied, reflecting the structure of the chimeras. YR ranpou-dominant chimeras produced capsules in which seeds gave rise to green plants at a high frequency, while Ruby ball-dominant chimeras produced capsules in which seeds in one capsule gave rise to purple plants at a high frequency. Mixed chimeras produced capsules with green plants or purple plants more regularly than did other chimeral types. Furthermore, a chimeral type in which seeds gave rise to green and purple plants was found in 3.2% of the total crosses. Segregation patterns in the progenies corresponded with the chimeral types. Chlorophyll-deficient variation (resulting in variegation or the production of albino plants) was found at a frequency of 2.6%. These results show that chimeric tissues are actually in a mixed state and that either the ovary develops from more than two cells or else that variation occurs in the germ-cell layer. In interspecific chimeras between Ruby ball and Komatsuna (B. campestris) various types of chimeras generally showed low pollen fertility, few capsules, and low seed-setting. Progenies from selves (geitonogamy), open crosses and crosses with the two parental species produce a predominantly homogeneous genotype showing either the Ruby ball or the Komatsuna type. Only two crosses produced four interspecific hybrids which expressed variations in their morphological and isozymic characters.


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