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Nutrients. 2016 Aug 30;8(9). pii: E531. doi: 10.3390/nu8090531.

Associations between Dietary Fiber Intake in Infancy and Cardiometabolic Health at School Age: The Generation R Study.

Author information

1
The Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center, Office Na-2909, P.O. Box 2040, Rotterdam 3000 CA, The Netherlands. rmavgijssel@gmail.com.
2
The Generation R Study Group, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center, Rotterdam 3000 CA, The Netherlands. rmavgijssel@gmail.com.
3
The Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center, Office Na-2909, P.O. Box 2040, Rotterdam 3000 CA, The Netherlands. k.braun@erasmusmc.nl.
4
The Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center, Office Na-2909, P.O. Box 2040, Rotterdam 3000 CA, The Netherlands. j.c.kiefte-dejong@erasmusmc.nl.
5
Department of Global Public Health, Leiden University, The Hague 3595 DG, The Netherlands. j.c.kiefte-dejong@erasmusmc.nl.
6
The Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center, Office Na-2909, P.O. Box 2040, Rotterdam 3000 CA, The Netherlands. v.jaddoe@erasmusmc.nl.
7
The Generation R Study Group, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center, Rotterdam 3000 CA, The Netherlands. v.jaddoe@erasmusmc.nl.
8
The Department of Pediatrics, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center, Rotterdam 3000 CA, The Netherlands. v.jaddoe@erasmusmc.nl.
9
The Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center, Office Na-2909, P.O. Box 2040, Rotterdam 3000 CA, The Netherlands. o.franco@erasmusmc.nl.
10
The Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center, Office Na-2909, P.O. Box 2040, Rotterdam 3000 CA, The Netherlands. trudy.voortman@erasmusmc.nl.

Abstract

Dietary fiber (DF) intake may be beneficial for cardiometabolic health. However, whether this already occurs in early childhood is unclear. We investigated associations between DF intake in infancy and cardiometabolic health in childhood among 2032 children participating in a population-based cohort in The Netherlands. Information on DF intake at a median age of 12.9 months was collected using a food-frequency questionnaire. DF was adjusted for energy intake using the residual method. At age 6 years, body fat percentage, high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol, insulin, triglycerides, and blood pressure were assessed and expressed in age- and sex-specific standard deviation scores (SDS). These five factors were combined into a cardiometabolic risk factor score. In models adjusted for several parental and child covariates, a higher DF intake was associated with a lower cardiometabolic risk factor score. When we examined individual cardiometabolic factors, we observed that a 1 g/day higher energy-adjusted DF intake was associated with 0.026 SDS higher HDL-cholesterol (95% CI 0.009, 0.042), and 0.020 SDS lower triglycerides (95% CI -0.037, -0.003), but not with body fat, insulin, or blood pressure. Results were similar for DF with and without adjustment for energy intake. Our findings suggest that higher DF intake in infancy may be associated with better cardiometabolic health in later childhood.

KEYWORDS:

HDL-C; blood pressure; body fat; cohort; dietary fiber; early childhood; insulin; triglyceride

PMID:
27589791
PMCID:
PMC5037518
DOI:
10.3390/nu8090531
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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