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Trop Med Infect Dis. 2018 Jun 5;3(2). pii: E60. doi: 10.3390/tropicalmed3020060.

Melioidosis in South America.

Author information

1
Post-Graduation Program in Medical Sciences, University of Fortaleza (UNIFOR), Fortaleza CE 60811-905, Brazil. dionnerolim@unifor.br.
2
Medicine School, Ceara State University (UECE), Fortaleza CE 60714-903, Brazil. dionnerolim@unifor.br.
3
Post-Graduation Program in Medical Sciences, University of Fortaleza (UNIFOR), Fortaleza CE 60811-905, Brazil. quel0505@gmail.com.
4
Post-Graduation Program in Medical Sciences, University of Fortaleza (UNIFOR), Fortaleza CE 60811-905, Brazil. anakarolfreire@gmail.com.
5
Post-Graduation Program in Medical Sciences, University of Fortaleza (UNIFOR), Fortaleza CE 60811-905, Brazil. rafaelmcolares@gmail.com.
6
Post-Graduation Program in Medical Sciences, University of Fortaleza (UNIFOR), Fortaleza CE 60811-905, Brazil. leadanquei@gmail.com.
7
Public Health and Infection Research Group, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Tecnologica de Pereira, Pereira 660003, Risaralda, Colombia. ajrodriguezmmd@gmail.com.
8
Infectious Diseases Section, Pablo Tobón Uribe Hospital, Medellín 05001000, Colombia. frmontufar@yahoo.com.
9
Pulmonology Unit, León XIII Clinic of Antioquia University, Medellín 05001000, Colombia. frmontufar@yahoo.com.
10
Research Group in Respiratory and Infectious Diseases (GIERI), Medellín 05001000, Colombia. frmontufar@yahoo.com.
11
Lao-Oxford-Mahosot Hospital-Wellcome Trust Research Unit, Microbiology Laboratory, Mahosot Hospital, Vientiane, Laos. david.d@tropmedres.ac.
12
Centre for Tropical Medicine & Global Health, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7FZ, UK. david.d@tropmedres.ac.
13
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, UK. david.d@tropmedres.ac.

Abstract

Melioidosis is an emerging disease in the Americas. This paper reviews confirmed cases, the presence of Burkholderia pseudomallei and the organization of national surveillance policies for melioidosis in South America. Confirmed cases in humans have been reported from Ecuador, Venezuela, Colombia, Brazil, and Peru. The bacterium has been isolated from the environment in Brazil and Peru. The state of Ceará, northeastern region of Brazil, is the only place where specific public strategies and policies for melioidosis have been developed. We also discuss the urgent need for health authorities in South America to pay greater attention to this disease, which has the potential to have a high impact on public health, and the importance of developing coordinated strategies amongst countries in this region.

KEYWORDS:

Burkholderia pseudomallei; South America; melioidosis

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