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Wilderness Environ Med. 2017 Dec;28(4):285-290. doi: 10.1016/j.wem.2017.05.009. Epub 2017 Jul 21.

L-arginine Attenuates Hypobaric Hypoxia-Induced Increase in Ornithine Decarboxylase 1.

Author information

1
Research Center for High Altitude Medicine; Key Laboratories Development Program of Qinghai Province; and Qinghai-Utah Joint Research Key Lab for High Altitude Medicine, Qinghai University, Xining, China; Department of Respiratory Medicine, the Affiliated Hospital of Qinghai University, Xining, China.
2
Research Center for High Altitude Medicine; Key Laboratories Development Program of Qinghai Province; and Qinghai-Utah Joint Research Key Lab for High Altitude Medicine, Qinghai University, Xining, China.
3
Research Center for High Altitude Medicine; Key Laboratories Development Program of Qinghai Province; and Qinghai-Utah Joint Research Key Lab for High Altitude Medicine, Qinghai University, Xining, China. Electronic address: geriligao@hotmail.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Chronic hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension and vascular remodeling have been shown to be associated with ornithine decarboxylase 1 (ODC1). However, few animal studies have investigated the role of ODC1 in acute hypoxia.

OBJECTIVES:

We investigated ODC1 gene expression, morphologic and functional changes, and the effect of L-arginine as an attenuator in lung tissues of rats exposed to acute hypobaric hypoxia at a simulated altitude of 6000 m.

METHODS:

Sprague-Dawley rats exposed to simulated hypobaric hypoxia (6000 m) for 24, 48, or 72 hours were treated with L-arginine (L-arginine group, 20 mg/100 g intraperitoneal; n=15) or untreated (non-L-arginine group, n=15). Control rats (n=5) were maintained at 2260 m in a normal environment for the same amount of time but were treated without L-arginine. The mean pulmonary artery pressure was measured by PowerLab system. The morphologic and immunohistochemical changes in lung tissue were observed under a microscope. The mRNA and protein levels of ODC1 were measured by real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western-blot, respectively.

RESULTS:

Hypobaric hypoxia induced pulmonary interstitial hyperemia and capillary expansion in the lungs of rats exposed to acute hypoxia at 6000 m. The mean pulmonary artery pressure and the mRNA and protein levels of ODC1 were significantly increased, which could be attenuated by treatment with L-arginine.

CONCLUSIONS:

L-arginine attenuates acute hypobaric hypoxia-induced increase in mean pulmonary artery pressure and ODC1 gene expression in lung tissues of rats. ODC1 gene contributes to the development of hypoxic pulmonary hypertension.

KEYWORDS:

L-arginine; hypobaric hypoxia; ornithine decarboxylase 1

PMID:
28735657
DOI:
10.1016/j.wem.2017.05.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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