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Plant Physiol Biochem. 2018 Jun;127:276-286. doi: 10.1016/j.plaphy.2018.03.035. Epub 2018 Apr 3.

Transcriptome analysis of Jatropha curcas L. flower buds responded to the paclobutrazol treatment.

Author information

1
School of Science, Mae Fah Luang University, 333 moo 1, Thasud, Muang, ChiangRai, 57100, Thailand. Electronic address: anupharb.see10@lamduan.mfu.ac.th.
2
School of Science, Mae Fah Luang University, 333 moo 1, Thasud, Muang, ChiangRai, 57100, Thailand. Electronic address: lucsame.gru09@lamduan.mfu.ac.th.
3
School of Science, Mae Fah Luang University, 333 moo 1, Thasud, Muang, ChiangRai, 57100, Thailand. Electronic address: tittinat.pok10@lamduan.mfu.ac.th.
4
School of Science, Mae Fah Luang University, 333 moo 1, Thasud, Muang, ChiangRai, 57100, Thailand. Electronic address: prapassorn@mfu.ac.th.
5
School of Science, Mae Fah Luang University, 333 moo 1, Thasud, Muang, ChiangRai, 57100, Thailand. Electronic address: jantrararuk@mfu.ac.th.
6
School of Science, Mae Fah Luang University, 333 moo 1, Thasud, Muang, ChiangRai, 57100, Thailand. Electronic address: siam@mfu.ac.th.

Abstract

Jatropha seeds can be used to produce high-quality biodiesel due to their high oil content. However, Jatropha produces low numbers of female flowers, which limits seed yield. Paclobutrazol (PCB), a plant growth retardant, can increase number of Jatropha female flowers and seed yield. However, the underlying mechanisms of flower development after PCB treatment are not well understood. To identify the critical genes associated with flower development, the transcriptome of flower buds following PCB treatment was analyzed. Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) analysis revealed that the flower developmental stage between PCB-treated and control flower buds was similar. Based on the presence of sex organs, flower buds at 0, 4, and 24 h after treatment were chosen for global transcriptome analysis. In total, 100,597 unigenes were obtained, 174 of which were deemed as interesting based on their response to PCB treatment. Our analysis showed that the JcCKX5 and JcTSO1 genes were up-regulated at 4 h, suggesting roles in promoting organogenic capacity and ovule primordia formation in Jatropha. The JcNPGR2, JcMGP2-3, and JcHUA1 genes were down-regulated indicating that they may contribute to increased number of female flowers and amount of seed yield. Expression of cell division and cellulose biosynthesis-related genes, including JcGASA3, JcCycB3;1, JcCycP2;1, JcKNAT7, and JcCSLG3 was decreased, which might have caused the compacted inflorescences. This study represents the first report combining SEM-based morphology, qRT-PCR and transcriptome analysis of PCB-treated Jatropha flower buds at different stages of flower development.

KEYWORDS:

Flower buds; Jatropha; Paclobutrazol; Seed yield; Transcriptome analysis

PMID:
29631212
DOI:
10.1016/j.plaphy.2018.03.035
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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