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Medicina (Kaunas). 2019 Jul 25;55(8). pii: E406. doi: 10.3390/medicina55080406.

Is Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Behavior after Endovascular Repair Associated with Aneurysm Wall Density on Computed Tomography Angiography?

Author information

1
Clinic of Cardiovascular Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University, 01513 Vilnius, Lithuania. arminas.skrebunas@gmail.com.
2
Centre of Cardiology and Angiology, Vilnius University Hospital Santaros Klinikos, 08410 Vilnius, Lithuania. arminas.skrebunas@gmail.com.
3
Clinic of Cardiovascular Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University, 01513 Vilnius, Lithuania.
4
Centre of Cardiology and Angiology, Vilnius University Hospital Santaros Klinikos, 08410 Vilnius, Lithuania.
5
Centre of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Vilnius University Hospital Santaros Klinikos, 08410 Vilnius, Lithuania.
6
Department of Radiology, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, 44307 Kaunas, Lithuania.

Abstract

Background and objectives: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) growth is unpredictable after the endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). Continuing aortic wall degradation and weakening due to hypoxia may have a role in post-EVAR aneurysm sac growth. We aimed to assess the association of aortic wall density on computed tomography angiography (CTA) with aneurysm growth following EVAR. Materials and Methods: A total of 78 patients were included in the study. The control group consisted of 39 randomly assigned patients without aortic pathology. Post-EVAR aneurysm sac volumes on CTA were measured twice during the follow-up period to estimate aneurysm sac behavior. A maximum AAA sac diameter, aortic wall and lumen densities in Hounsfield units (HU) on CTA were measured. A relative aortic wall density (the ratio of aortic wall to lumen densities) was calculated. A statistical data analysis was performed using standard methods. Results: An increase in the AAA sac volume was observed in 12 (30.8%) cases. Median relative aortic wall density on CTA scores in both the patient and the control group at the level of the diaphragm were similar: 0.15 (interquartile range (IQR), 0.11-0.18) and 0.16 (IQR 0.11-0.18), p = 0.5378, respectively. The median (IQR) relative aortic wall density score at the level of the maximum AAA diameter in the patient group was lower than at the level below renal arteries in the control group: 0.10 (0.07-0.12) and 0.17 (0.12-0.23), p < 0.0001, respectively. The median (IQR) relative growing AAA sac wall density score was lower than a relative stable/shrinking AAA sac wall density score: 0.09 (0.06-0.10) and 0.11 (0.09-0.13), p = 0.0096, respectively. Conclusions: A lower aortic aneurysm wall density on CTA may be associated with AAA growth after EVAR.

KEYWORDS:

AAA volume; EVAR; abdominal aortic aneurysm; follow-up; growing AAA; wall density

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