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Environ Monit Assess. 2016 Feb;188(2):74. doi: 10.1007/s10661-015-5080-7. Epub 2016 Jan 5.

Water balance analysis of the Morava River floodplain in the Kostice-Lanžhot transect using the WBCM-7 model.

Author information

1
Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Kamýcká 129, 165 21, Praha 6, Suchdol, Czech Republic. kovar@fzp.czu.cz.
2
Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Kamýcká 129, 165 21, Praha 6, Suchdol, Czech Republic.
3
University of Central Europe, Kráľovská 386/11, 909 01, Skalica, Slovakia.

Abstract

The study area of the Morava River floodplain is situated between the rivers Morava and Kyjovka in the reach from Hodonín to Lanžhot. This experimental area was chosen because during the last 30 years, there has been a serious problem with the frequent occurrence of hydrological extremes, such as floods and droughts. Dry seasons have a very negative impact on the floodplain forest and have been caused mainly by regulation of the Morava River channel in the 1970s. Since flooding in the catastrophic year 1977, a part of this area has served as a polder for flood impact mitigation of the urbanised area of the town of Lanžhot. Management and farming practices have been heavily affected by the enormous economic and ecological damage due to long-term flooding of agricultural land. The purpose of this study is to assess the extent to which the precipitation in the growing season of the dry years 2003 and 2011 was deficient, in comparison with the normal year 2009, through a study of the actual evapotranspiration caused by the significant drought in the Morava floodplain. A similar but converse situation in the wet year 2010 was also analysed, with the aim to show the differences in the components of the water balance equation in the growing seasons of all the extreme years tested here. The daily data from the Kostice climatological station were processed using the WBCM-7 model, where the input parameters were calibrated by the fluctuation of the groundwater table in the control borehole.

KEYWORDS:

Drought; Flood; Hydrological extremes; Hydrological processes; Water balance equation

PMID:
26733468
DOI:
10.1007/s10661-015-5080-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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