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Environ Sci Technol. 2007 Jul 15;41(14):5130-6.

Development of a framework for quantifying the environmental impacts of urban development and construction practices.

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Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287, USA.


To encourage sustainable development, engineers and scientists need to understand the interactions among social decision-making, development and redevelopment, land, energy and material use, and their environmental impacts. In this study, a framework that connects these interactions was proposed to guide more sustainable urban planning and construction practices. Focusing on the rapidly urbanizing setting of Phoenix, Arizona, complexity models and deterministic models were assembled as a metamodel, which is called Sustainable Futures 2100 and were used to predict land use and development, to quantify construction material demands, to analyze the life cycle environmental impacts, and to simulate future ground-level ozone formation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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