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Polymers (Basel). 2019 Dec 13;11(12). pii: E2087. doi: 10.3390/polym11122087.

Study on Some Thermal and Electrical Properties of Basalt Fabric Modified with Metal and Ceramics as a Result of Magnetron Sputtering.

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Institute of Architecture of Textiles, Faculty of Material Technologies and Textile Design, Lodz University of Technology, 90-924 Lodz, Poland.
Institute of Materials Science and Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Lodz University of Technology, 90-924 Lodz, Poland.


The main aim of the research was to compare the values of some thermal and electrical parameters obtained for a basalt fabric modified with the metal and ceramics coatings. The surface modification of basalt fabric was made by using a magnetron sputtering technique. Chrome and zirconium(IV) oxide coatings were deposited on the fabric surface. The thermal and electrical properties of selected fabrics were determined. In order to assess the comfort properties of fabrics, the thermal resistance of materials was analyzed. Instrumental color measurement was used for an assessment of the surface of modified and unmodified basalt fabric. Using a non-contact digital color imaging system, DigiEye, an original method of samples surface analysis was presented. As a result of research, the modification of basalt fabric surface for applications in a hot work environment enabled the improvement of thermal properties in relation to the references samples. The first level of protection against contact heat for a contact temperature of 100 °C was obtained for the zirconium(IV) oxide-modified basalt fabric. The first level of protection against radiant heat was obtained for all samples. The highest value for the heat radiant resistance was obtained for the chrome-modified basalt fabric.


CIELAB system; basalt fabric; electrical properties; magnetron sputtering; surface modification; thermal properties

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