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Sci Rep. 2018 Sep 25;8(1):14308. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-32662-1.

Impedance Spectroscopy as a Novel Approach to Probe the Phase Transition and Microstructures Existing in CS:PEO Based Blend Electrolytes.

Author information

1
Prof. Hameed's Advanced Polymeric Materials Research Laboratory, Department of Physics, College of Science, University of Sulaimani, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Regional Government, Iraq. shujahadeenaziz@gmail.com.
2
Komar Research Center (KRC), Komar University of Science and Technology, Sulaimani, 46001, Kurdistan Regional Government, Iraq. shujahadeenaziz@gmail.com.
3
Department of Physics, Faculty of Science and Health, Koya University, University Park, Koysinjaq, Kurdistan Regional Government, Iraq.
4
Prof. Hameed's Advanced Polymeric Materials Research Laboratory, Department of Physics, College of Science, University of Sulaimani, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Regional Government, Iraq.
5
Komar Research Center (KRC), Komar University of Science and Technology, Sulaimani, 46001, Kurdistan Regional Government, Iraq.

Abstract

In this work the role of phase transition of PEO from crystalline to amorphous phases on DC conductivity enhancement in chitosan-based polymer electrolyte was discussed. Silver ion-conducting polymer electrolytes based on chitosan (CS) incorporated with silver nitrate (AgNt) is prepared via solution cast technique. Various amounts of polyethylene oxide (PEO) are added to the CS:AgNt system to prepare blend polymer electrolytes. Ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) spectrophotometry is used to confirm that the blended samples containing AgNt salt exhibit a broad absorption peak. From optical micrograph images it is apparent that small white specs appear on the surface of the samples. The SEM results clearly show the aggregated silver nanoparticles. The enlargement of the crystalline area was observed from the morphological emergence and impedance plots. The phase separation in SEM images was observed at high PEO concentration. The XRD consequences support the morphological manifestation. In this study a new approach is offered to explore the microstructures existing in the blend electrolytes. The width of the semicircle linked to crystalline phase in impedance spectra was found to be increased with the increase of PEO concentration. A slow increase of DC conductivity was observed at low temperatures while above 333 K an immediate change in DC conductivity was obtained. The rapid rise of DC conductivity at high temperatures is correlated with the DSC results and impedance studies at high temperatures.

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