Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Disasters. 2016 Apr;40(2):304-26. doi: 10.1111/disa.12147. Epub 2015 Aug 17.

Effects of the 2008 flood on economic performance and food security in Yemen: a simulation analysis.

Author information

1
Senior Research Fellow at the International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC, United States.
2
Research Fellow at the International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC, United States.
3
Senior Research Fellow at the Kiel Institute for the World Economy, Kiel, Germany.

Abstract

Extreme weather events such as floods and droughts can have devastating consequences for individual well being and economic development, in particular in poor societies with limited availability of coping mechanisms. Combining a dynamic computable general equilibrium model of the Yemeni economy with a household-level calorie consumption simulation model, this paper assesses the economy-wide, agricultural and food security effects of the 2008 tropical storm and flash flood that hit the Hadramout and Al-Mahrah governorates. The estimation results suggest that agricultural value added, farm household incomes and rural food security deteriorated long term in the flood-affected areas. Due to economic spillover effects, significant income losses and increases in food insecurity also occurred in areas that were unaffected by flooding. This finding suggests that while most relief efforts are typically concentrated in directly affected areas, future efforts should also consider surrounding areas and indirectly affected people.

KEYWORDS:

Yemen; dynamic computable general equilibrium analysis; economy-wide effects; extreme weather events; floods; food security

PMID:
26282701
DOI:
10.1111/disa.12147
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center