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Polymers (Basel). 2016 Jul 6;8(7). pii: E253. doi: 10.3390/polym8070253.

Effect of Hydroxyapatite Nanoparticles on the Degradability of Random Poly(butylene terephthalate-co-aliphatic dicarboxylate)s Having a High Content of Terephthalic Units.

Author information

1
Department of Polymer Engineering and Color Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran 15875-441, Iran. nina_heidarzadeh@yahoo.com.
2
Department of Polymer Engineering and Color Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran 15875-441, Iran. mehdi@aut.ac.ir.
3
Department of Polymer Engineering and Color Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran 15875-441, Iran. afshar@aut.ac.ir.
4
Chemical Engineering Department, Polytechnic University of Catalonia, Av. Diagonal 647, Barcelona E-08028, Spain. luis.javier.del.valle@upc.edu.
5
Chemical Engineering Department, Polytechnic University of Catalonia, Av. Diagonal 647, Barcelona E-08028, Spain. lourdes.franco@upc.edu.
6
Chemical Engineering Department, Polytechnic University of Catalonia, Av. Diagonal 647, Barcelona E-08028, Spain. Jordi.Puiggali@upc.edu.

Abstract

Copolyesters derived from 1,4-butanediol and constituted also of aliphatic and aromatic dicarboxylate units in a molar ratio of 3:7 were synthesized by a two-step polycondensation procedure. Succinic, adipic, and sebacic acids were specifically selected as the aliphatic component whereas terephthalic acid was chosen as the aromatic moiety. The second synthesis step was a thermal transesterification between the corresponding homopolymers, always attaining a random distribution as verified by NMR spectroscopy. Hybrid polymer composites containing 2.5 wt % of hydroxyapatite (HAp) were also prepared by in situ polymerization. Hydroxyl groups on the nanoparticle surface allowed the grafting of polymer chains in such a way that composites were mostly insoluble in the typical solvents of the parent copolyesters. HAp had some influence on crystallization from the melt, thermal stability, and mechanical properties. HAp also improved the biocompatibility of samples due to the presence of Ca2+ cations and the damping effect of phosphate groups. Interestingly, HAp resulted in a significant increase in the hydrophilicity of samples, which considerably affected both enzymatic and hydrolytic degradability. Slight differences were also found in the function of the dicarboxylic component, as the lowest degradation rates was found for the sample constituted of the most hydrophobic sebacic acid units.

KEYWORDS:

biocompatibility; copolyesters; enzymatic degradation; hydrolytic degradation; hydroxyapatite; nanocomposites; poly(butylene terephthalate)

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