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Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Jan 20;13(1). pii: E143. doi: 10.3390/ijerph13010143.

Measuring Indoor Air Quality and Engaging California Indian Stakeholders at the Win-River Resort and Casino: Collaborative Smoke-Free Policy Development.

Author information

1
Education, Training, and Research, Inc., Scotts Valley, CA 95066, USA. pubs1@klepeis.net.
2
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. pubs1@klepeis.net.
3
Neil Klepeis and Associates, Environmental Health Research and Consulting, Aromas, CA 95004, USA. pubs1@klepeis.net.
4
Education, Training, and Research, Inc., Scotts Valley, CA 95066, USA. narinderd@etr.org.
5
Win-River Resort & Casino, Redding Rancheria, Redding, CA 96001, USA. Gary.Hayward@win-river.com.
6
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. viviana.ab@gmail.com.
7
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. wott1@stanford.edu.
8
Shasta County Public Health Tobacco Education Program, Shasta County Public Health, Redding, CA 96001, USA. nread@co.shasta.ca.us.
9
Shasta County Public Health Tobacco Education Program, Shasta County Public Health, Redding, CA 96001, USA. layton12@gmail.com.
10
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. ruotingever@gmail.com.
11
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. kccheng@stanford.edu.
12
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. hildemann@stanford.edu.
13
Repace Associates, Inc., Secondhand Smoke Consultants, Bowie, MD 20720, USA. repace1@verizon.net.
14
Shasta County Public Health Tobacco Education Program, Shasta County Public Health, Redding, CA 96001, USA. smtaylor@co.shasta.ca.us.
15
Education, Training, and Research, Inc., Scotts Valley, CA 95066, USA. seowling@etr.org.
16
Buchting Consulting, Oakland, CA 94612, USA. franciscobuchting@outlook.com.
17
Prevention Research Center, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation (PIRE), Oakland, CA 94612, USA. jlee@PREV.org.
18
Prevention Research Center, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation (PIRE), Oakland, CA 94612, USA. roland@PREV.org.

Abstract

Most casinos owned by sovereign American Indian nations allow smoking, even in U.S. states such as California where state laws restrict workplace smoking. Collaborations between casinos and public health workers are needed to promote smoke-free policies that protect workers and patrons from secondhand tobacco smoke (SHS) exposure and risks. Over seven years, a coalition of public health professionals provided technical assistance to the Redding Rancheria tribe in Redding, California in establishing a smoke-free policy at the Win-River Resort and Casino. The coalition provided information to the casino general manager that included site-specific measurement of employee and visitor PM2.5 personal exposure, area concentrations of airborne nicotine and PM2.5, visitor urinary cotinine, and patron and staff opinions (surveys, focus groups, and a Town Hall meeting). The manager communicated results to tribal membership, including evidence of high SHS exposures and support for a smoke-free policy. Subsequently, in concert with hotel expansion, the Redding Rancheria Tribal Council voted to accept a 100% restriction of smoking inside the casino, whereupon PM2.5 exposure in main smoking areas dropped by 98%. A 70% partial-smoke-free policy was instituted ~1 year later in the face of revenue loss. The success of the collaboration in promoting a smoke-free policy, and the key element of air quality feedback, which appeared to be a central driver, may provide a model for similar efforts.

KEYWORDS:

American Indians; Native Americans; PM2.5; air quality monitoring; airborne nicotine; hospitality business; occupational exposure reduction; secondhand tobacco smoke; smoke-free gambling; smoking; urinary cotinine; worker protection policy

PMID:
26805860
PMCID:
PMC4730534
DOI:
10.3390/ijerph13010143
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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