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Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2016 May;51(5):372-7. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.1673-0860.2016.05.011.

[Effective analysis of non-surgical combined treatments for laryngeal organ preservation in locally advanced laryngeal carcinoma].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

1
Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Hospital of People's Liberation Army, Beijing 100853, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the therapeutic effects, larynx preservation and adverse events of non-surgical combined treatments for laryngeal organ preservation in locally advanced laryngeal squamous cell carcinomas(SCCs).

METHODS:

Forty-six patients with locally advanced laryngeal carcinoma (T2-4, N0-N3) were treated individually with non-surgical combined treatments for larynx preservation (LP). These treatments included concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT)(┬▒epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitor), induction chemotherapy (ICT) followed by CCRT(┬▒ EGFR inhibitor), or concurrent radiotherapy and EGFR inhibitor. Radiation therapy was given to a total dose of 60-70 Gy. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to determine the overall survival. Side-effects were evaluated with the established Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 3.0 criteria.

RESULTS:

The average follow-up time was 31.8 months (range 6-95 months). All patients completed the planned radiotherapy without treatment breaks, and 45(97.8%) of 46 patients completed the planned chemotherapy.The 3-year and 5-year overall survival rates were 87.3%and 67.2%, respectively.The 5-year larynx preservation rate was 100.0%. The 3-year and 5-year progression free survival rates were 95.1% and 87.7%, respectively. The most common acute side effect in grade 3 was oropharyngeal mucositis. After treatment, tracheotomy was still required in 2 patients with glottis cancer for laryngeal edema or stenosis. No patient depended on a percutaneous gastrostomy and experienced speech impairment.

CONCLUSION:

Patients with locally advanced laryngeal cancer can be offered non-surgical combined treatments for laryngeal preservation and the high quality of life, showing a higher laryngeal preservation survival rate with minimal toxicities.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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