Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Materials (Basel). 2010 Aug 11;3(8):4300-4327. doi: 10.3390/ma3084300.

Recent Developments in Halogen Free Flame Retardants for Epoxy Resins for Electrical and Electronic Applications.

Author information

1
Institute of Technical Chemistry, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Hermann-von-Helmholtz Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, Germany. muriel.rakotomalala@kit.edu.
2
Institute of Technical Chemistry, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Hermann-von-Helmholtz Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, Germany. sebastian.wagner@kit.edu.
3
Institute of Technical Chemistry, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Hermann-von-Helmholtz Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, Germany. manfred.doering@kit.edu.

Abstract

The recent implementation of new environmental legislations led to a change in the manufacturing of composites that has repercussions on printed wiring boards (PWB). This in turn led to alternate processing methods (e.g., lead-free soldering), which affected the required physical and chemical properties of the additives used to impart flame retardancy. This review will discuss the latest advancements in phosphorus containing flame retardants for electrical and electronic (EE) applications and compare them with commercially available ones. The mechanism of degradation and flame retardancy of phosphorus flame retardants in epoxy resins will also be discussed.

KEYWORDS:

composites; epoxy; fire retardant; phosphorus, printed wiring boards

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI) Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center