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Behav Sci (Basel). 2018 Jan 10;8(1). pii: E8. doi: 10.3390/bs8010008.

Social Support, Religious Endorsement, and Career Commitment: A Study on Saudi Nurses.

Author information

1
Department of Business Administration, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia. mazim@kau.edu.sa.
2
Department of Finance, College of Business, King Abdulaziz Univerity, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia. mazharulislam@yahoo.com.

Abstract

The present study investigates the effect of perceived social support (PSS) and perceived religious endorsement (PRE) on career commitment (CC) of Saudi nurses. The investigation also extends to the moderating role of different demographic and organizational factors in the extent of PSS, and career commitment these nurses report. Data required for meeting these study objectives were collected from male and female Saudi nurses through a structured questionnaire. Multiple regressions using Partial Least Squares based Structural Equation Model, Smart-PLS version 3.0, and independent sample t-test using SPSS version 22.0, were used to analyze data. The study findings reveal that both perceived social support and perceived religious endorsement are important antecedents of career commitment of Saudi nurses. However, private-sector nurses are found to exhibit a significantly higher level of career commitment compared to their public-sector counterparts. Nurses with greater educational attainment perceive higher level of social support and express greater career commitment than their less educated peers. These findings suggest that nursing as a profession should be more openly discussed in both secular and religious contexts, to ensure an adequate level of respect and compassion on behalf of the public. In particular, endorsement from the individual nurses' social networks is vital in maintaining their wellbeing and career commitment. Given the religious influence in all aspects of life in the Saudi society, the current practice of gender-based segregation in Saudi hospitals and clinics seems to be meaningful for sustaining the career commitment of the nurses.

KEYWORDS:

Saudi Arabia; career commitment; nurse; religious endorsement; social support

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