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Int J Numer Method Biomed Eng. 2019 Jan;35(1):e3149. doi: 10.1002/cnm.3149. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

Reducing stress concentration on the cup rim of hip implants under edge loading.

Author information

1
School of Engineering, University of South Australia, Mawson Lakes, SA, 5095, Australia.
2
Future Industries Institute, University of South Australia, Mawson Lakes, SA, 5095, Australia.

Abstract

High stress concentration under edge loading on the cup rim contact due to micro-separation causes accelerated striping wear, fracture, and fatigue in hip implant components. While continuous effort is devoted into improving bearing design and surgical procedure to tackle the problem, the concern still has remained forcing biomedical engineers to seek for new and alternative solutions. The current paper aims to investigate the effect of a new geometry "spline" introduced at the cup's rim corner to minimise stress concentration under edge loading. Three-dimensional finite element modelling of a metal-on-metal hip implant is developed, where contact pressure, von Mises stress, and strain are predicted for three spline geometries, ie, equivalent characteristic arc radius (R = 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5 mm) at four micro-separations (of 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, and 2.5 mm) simulating edge loading on the rim contact via the application of a constant vertical load of 3 kN. The efficacy of the spline is compared with that of circular arc and sharp corner (ie, no arc) geometries. Overall, the spline outperforms both sharp corner and circular arc in reducing contact pressure, stress, and strain. The benefit of the spline over the circular arc is quite promising at larger micro-separation but fairly marginal at smaller arc radius and micro-separation. The findings indicate that, as an alternative to the circular fillet, the spline can be considered a potential geometry to be incorporated at the rim corner of the cup.

KEYWORDS:

contact pressure; cup's rim arc radius; edge loading; hip implants; micro-separation; spline geometry; stress

PMID:
30161296
DOI:
10.1002/cnm.3149

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