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Glob Chang Biol. 2017 Mar;23(3):977-982. doi: 10.1111/gcb.13516. Epub 2017 Jan 10.

Denial of long-term issues with agriculture on tropical peatlands will have devastating consequences.

Wijedasa LS1,2,3, Jauhiainen J4, Könönen M4, Lampela M4, Vasander H4, Leblanc MC5, Evers S6,7,8, Smith TE9, Yule CM7,10, Varkkey H7,11, Lupascu M12, Parish F13, Singleton I14, Clements GR3,6,10,15,16, Aziz SA3,6,16, Harrison ME17,18, Cheyne S17, Anshari GZ19, Meijaard E20,21, Goldstein JE22, Waldron S23, Hergoualc'h K24, Dommain R25, Frolking S26, Evans CD27, Posa MR1, Glaser PH28, Suryadiputra N29, Lubis R29, Santika T21, Padfield R7,30,31, Kurnianto S24,32, Hadisiswoyo P33, Lim TW34, Page SE18, Gauci V35, Van Der Meer PJ36, Buckland H37, Garnier F37, Samuel MK6,7,38,39, Choo LN38, O'Reilly P7,40,41, Warren M42, Suksuwan S43, Sumarga E44, Jain A2,45, Laurance WF46, Couwenberg J47, Joosten H47, Vernimmen R48, Hooijer A48, Malins C49, Cochrane MA50, Perumal B51, Siegert F52,53, Peh KS54,55, Comeau LP56, Verchot L57, Harvey CF58,59, Cobb A59, Jaafar Z1,60, Wösten H61, Manuri S62, Müller M63, Giesen W64, Phelps J65, Yong DL3,6,66, Silvius M67, Wedeux BM68, Hoyt A58,59, Osaki M69, Hirano T69, Takahashi H70, Kohyama TS69, Haraguchi A71, Nugroho NP72, Coomes DA68, Quoi LP73, Dohong A74, Gunawan H74, Gaveau DL24, Langner A75, Lim FK76, Edwards DP76, Giam X77, Van Der Werf G78, Carmenta R24, Verwer CC79, Gibson L80, Gandois L81, Graham LL82, Regalino J82, Wich SA8,83, Rieley J84, Kettridge N85, Brown C84, Pirard R24, Moore S86, Capilla BR17, Ballhorn U53, Ho HC87, Hoscilo A88, Lohberger S53, Evans TA89, Yulianti N90, Blackham G91, Onrizal92, Husson S17, Murdiyarso D24,93, Pangala S35, Cole LE94, Tacconi L95, Segah H91, Tonoto P96, Lee JS97, Schmilewski G98, Wulffraat S99, Putra EI2,5,100, Cattau ME101, Clymo RS102, Morrison R103, Mujahid A104, Miettinen J105, Liew SC105, Valpola S106, Wilson D107, D'Arcy L17, Gerding M98, Sundari S108, Thornton SA17,18, Kalisz B109, Chapman SJ110, Su AS111, Basuki I24,32, Itoh M112, Traeholt C113, Sloan S46, Sayok AK114, Andersen R115.

Author information

1
Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, 14 Science Drive 4, 117543, Singapore.
2
ConservationLinks, 433 Clementi Avenue 3, #01-258, 120433, Singapore.
3
Rimba, Malaysia, Jalan 1/9D, Bandar Baru Bangi, Selangor, MY, 43650, Malaysia.
4
University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 3 (Fabianinkatu 33), 00014, Helsinki, Finland.
5
Faculté des Sciences de l'Agriculture et de l'Alimentation, 2425, Rue de l'agriculture, Pavillon Paul-Comtois, Bureau 1122, Ville de Québec, QC, G1V 0A6, Canada.
6
School of Biosciences, University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus, Jalan Broga, 43500, Semenyih, Selangor Darhul Ehsan, Malaysia.
7
Tropical Catchment Research Initiative (TROCARI), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
8
School of Natural Sciences & Psychology, Liverpool John Moores University, Byrom Street, Liverpool, L33AF, UK.
9
School of Geography, King's College London, London, WC2R 2NA, UK.
10
Monash University Malaysia, Jalan Lagoon Selatan, Bandar Sunway, 47500, Subang Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia.
11
Department of International & Strategic Studies and Asia-Europe Institute, University of Malaya, 50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
12
Department of Geography, National University of Singapore, AS2, #03-01, 1 Arts Link, Kent Ridge, 117570, Singapore.
13
Global Environment Centre, 2nd Floor, Wisma Hing, 78, Jalan SS2/72, Petaling Jaya, Selangor, 47300, Malaysia.
14
Sumatran Orangutan Conservation Programme, Jl. Wahid Hasyim No. 51/74 Medan, 20154, Sumatera Utara - Indonesia.
15
Kenyir Research Institute, Universiti MalaysiaTerengganu, T145, 21300, Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia.
16
Departement d'Écologie et Gestion de la Biodiversité, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, UMR 7179/CNRS-MNHN, 1 Avenue du Petit Chateau, 91800, Brunoy, France.
17
Borneo Nature Foundation, Jalan Bukit Raya No. 82 Bukit Raya Palangka Raya, 73112, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia.
18
University of Leicester, University Rd, Leicester, LE1 7RH, UK.
19
Centre for Wetlands, People and Biodiverstiy, Tanjungpura University, Pontianak Tenggara, Barat, 78124, Western Kalimantan, Indonesia.
20
Borneo Futures, Country Woods 306, Jalan WR Supratman, Pondok Ranji-Rengas, Ciputat, 15412, Tangerang, Indonesia.
21
School of Biological Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, 4072, Australia.
22
Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, 14850, USA.
23
School of Geographical and Earth Sciences, University of Glasgow, R517B Level 5 GES, East Quadrangle, Main Building, Glasgow, G12 8QQ, UK.
24
Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), P.O. Box 0113 BOCBD, Bogor, 16000, Indonesia.
25
Human Origins Program, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, 10th St. & Constitution Ave. NW, Washington, D.C., 20560, USA.
26
Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans and Space, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH, 03824, USA.
27
Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Environment Centre, Deiniol Rd, Bangor, LL57, UK.
28
Department of Earth Sciences, University of Minnesota, 310 Pillsbury Drive SE, Minneapolis, MN, 55455-0231, USA.
29
Wetlands International Indonesia Programme, Jl. Bango No. 11, Bogor, 16161, Indonesia.
30
Malaysia-Japan International Institute of Technology, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Jalan Sultan Yahya Petra, 54100, Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
31
Department of Social Sciences, Oxford Brookes University, Headington Campus, Oxford, OX3 0BP, UK.
32
Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Oregon State University, Nash Hall, 2820 SW Campus Way, Corvallis, OR, 97331, USA.
33
Orangutan Information Centre, Jl. Sembada XVI, Jl. Bunga Sedap Malam XVIII C No. 10 20131. Kecamatan Medan Selayang Medan, Sumatera Utara, 20131, Indonesia.
34
Resource Stewardship Consultants Sdn Bhd, Jalan Othman, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia.
35
School of Environment, Earth and Ecosystem Sciences, The Open University, Walton Hall Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA, UK.
36
Van Hall Larenstein, University of Applied Sciences, Agora 1, PO Box 1528, 8901 BV, Leeuwarden, The Netherlands.
37
Sumatran Orangutan Society, London, 7 Stert Street, Abingdon, Oxfordshire, OX14 3JF, UK.
38
Climate Change Programme, Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI), P.O. Box 59, Roban, 95300, Saratok, Sarawak, Malaysia.
39
Global Research Alliance (GRA), USDA-FAS, Washington State University, 1400 Independence Avenue, SW Mail Stop 1001, Washington, D.C., 20250, USA.
40
Crops for the Future, Jalan Broga, 43500, Semenyih, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia.
41
School of Politics, History and International Relations, University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus, Jalan Broga, 43500, Semenyih, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia.
42
USDA Forest Service, Northern Research Station, 410 MacInnes Drive, Houghton, MI, 49931-1199, USA.
43
Proforest, Suite #303, MBE Desa Sri Hartamas No. 30G, Jalan 25/70 A, 50480, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
44
School of Life Sciences and Technology, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesa 10, Coblong, Kota Bandung, Jawa Barat, 40132, Indonesia.
45
BirdLife International, The David Attenborough Building, 1st Floor, Pembroke Street, Cambridge, CB2 3QZ, UK.
46
Centre for Tropical Environmental and Sustainability Science (TESS) & College of Science and Engineering, James Cook University, PO Box 6811, Cairns, Queensland, 4870, Australia.
47
Partner in the Greifswald Mire Centre, Ernst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald, c/o Michael Succow Stiftung, Ellernholzstr. 1/3, 17489, Greifswald, Germany.
48
Deltares, Boussinesqweg 1, 2629 HV, Delft, Netherlands.
49
Cerulogy, The International Council on Clean Transportation, 11 Belgrave Road, London, SW1V 1RB, UK.
50
Geospatial Sciences Center of Excellence, South Dakota State University, 1021 Medary Ave, Wecota Hall 115 Box 506B, Brookings, SD, 57007, USA.
51
Malaysian Nature Society, JKR 641 Jalan Kelantan, Bukit Persekutuan, Kuala Lumpur, 50480, Malaysia.
52
GeoBio Center, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Richard-Wagner-Str. 10, 80333, München, Germany.
53
RSS Remote Sensing Solutions GmbH, Isarstraße 3, 82065, Baierbrunn, Germany.
54
Centre for Biological Sciences, University of Southampton, University Road, Southampton, SO17 1BJ, UK.
55
Conservation Science Group, Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing St, Cambridge, CB2 3EJ, UK.
56
Department of Geography and Resource Management, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, 2nd Floor, Wong Foo Yuan Building, Shatin, N.T., Hong Kong.
57
International Centre for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Km 17 Recta Cali-Palmira, Apartado Aéreo 6713, 763537, Cali, Colombia.
58
Singapore-MIT Alliance for Research and Technology, 1 CREATE Way, #10-01 CREATE Tower, 138602, Singapore.
59
Parsons Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, 77 Massachusetts Ave 48, Cambridge, MA, 02139, USA.
60
Department of Vertebrate Zoology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, PO Box 37012 SI Building, Room 153, MRC 010, Washington, D.C., 20013-7012, USA.
61
Wageningen University and Research, 6708 PB, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
62
Fenner School of Environment and Society, Australian National University, Linnaeus Way, Acton, ACT, 2601, Australia.
63
Swinburne University of Technology Sarawak Campus, Jalan Simpang Tiga, 93300, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia.
64
Euroconsult Mott MacDonald, Amsterdamseweg 15, 6814 CM, Arnhem, The Netherlands.
65
Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Lancaster University, Lancaster, LA1 4YQ, UK.
66
Southeast Asian Biodiversity Society, Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, Faculty of Science, The National University of Singapore, Block S6, Level 3, Science Drive 2, 117600, Singapore.
67
Wetlands International, P.O. Box 471, 6700 AL, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
68
Department of Plant Sciences, University of Cambridge, Downing St, Cambridge, CB2 3EA, UK.
69
Hokkaido University, 5 Chome Kita 8 Jonishi, Kita Ward, Sapporo, Hokkaido Prefecture, 060-0808, Japan.
70
NPO Hokkaido Institute of Hydro-Climate, Frontier 14, N 14 W 3, Kita-ku, Sapporo, 001-0014, Japan.
71
Kyushu Institute of Technology, 1-1 Sensui-cho, Tobata-ku, Kitakyushu-shi, Fukuoka, 804-8550, Japan.
72
Research and Development Institute on Watershed Management Technology, Research, Development and Innovation Agency, Ministry of Environment and Forestry, Wanabakti Block I 2nd Floor Jalan Jenderal Gatot Subroto Jakarta Pusat, 10270, Jakarta, Indonesia.
73
Institute for Environment and Natural Resources, National University at HCM City, 6 Quarter, Linh Trung Ward, Thu Duc District, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
74
Peatland Restoration Agency (BRG), UNPAR, Jakarta, LP3LH, Indonesia.
75
Joint Research Centre of the European Commission, Directorate D - Sustainable Resources - Bio-Economy Unit, Via E. Fermi, 2749, I-21027, Ispra (VA), Italy.
76
Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Western Bank, Sheffield, S10 2TN, UK.
77
School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, 1122 NE Boat St, Seattle, WA, 98105, USA.
78
Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, University Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1085-1087, 1081 HV, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
79
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), National Committee of The Netherlands, Plantage Middenlaan 2K, 1018 DD, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
80
School of Biological Sciences, Kadoorie Biological Sciences Building, The University of Hong Kong, Pok Fu Lam Road, Hong Kong SAR, China.
81
Laboratoire Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Environnement, Universite de Toulouse, CNRS, INPT, UPS, 18, Route de Narbonne Bât. 4R1, 31062, Toulouse Cedex 9, France.
82
Borneo Orangutan Survival Foundation (BOSF), Jalan Papandayan No. 10, Bogor, 16151, Indonesia.
83
Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, University of Amsterdam, P.O. Box 94248, 1090 GE, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
84
School of Geography, University of Nottingham, University Park, Notingham, NG7 2RD, UK.
85
School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Science, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK.
86
Environmental Change Institute, School of Geography and the Environment, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3QY, UK.
87
Nature Society (Singapore), 510 Geylang Road, #02-05, The Sunflower, 389466, Singapore.
88
Remote Sensing Centre, Institute of Geodesy and Cartography, ul. Modzelewskiego 27, 02-679, Warsaw, Poland.
89
School of Animal Biology, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, Perth, WA, 6009, Australia.
90
University of Palangka Raya, Palangkaraya, 73112, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia.
91
Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust, Queen Elizabeth's Walk, London, SW13 9WT, UK.
92
Tropical Forest Ecology and Conservation Division, Faculty of Forestry, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Jl. Dr. Mansur No. 9B, Kampus USU, Padang Bulan, Kota Medan, Sumatera Utara, 20155, Indonesia.
93
Department of Geophysics and Meteorology, Bogor Agricultural University, Jln. Meranti, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor, 16680, Indonesia.
94
Department of Global Change Biology Zoology, Oxford Long-term Ecology Laboratory, University of Oxford, The Tinbergen Building, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PS, UK.
95
Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University, Acton, Canberra, ACT, 2601, Australia.
96
Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation, Hiroshima University, 1-5-1 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima, 739-8529, Japan.
97
Asian School of the Environment, Nanyang Technological University, Nanyang Avenue, Singapore.
98
International Peatland Society, Nisulankatu 78, 40720, Jyväskylä, Finland.
99
World Wide Fund for Nature, Simatupang Tower 2 Unit C 7 Floor Jl. Letjen TB. Simatupang Kav. 38, Jakarta Selatan, 12540, Indonesia.
100
Faculty of Forestry, Bogor Agricultural University, Jl. Lingkar Akademik Kampus IPB, Dramaga, Bogor, Jawa Barat, 16680, Indonesia.
101
Grand Challenge Earth Lab, University of Colorado, 4001 Discover Drive Suite S348, Boulder, CO, 80303, USA.
102
Queen Mary University of London, Mile End Rd, London, E1 4NS, UK.
103
Land Surface Flux Measurements Group, Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Maclean Building, Benson Lane, Crowmarsh Gifford, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, OX10 8BB, UK.
104
Department of Aquatic Science, Faculty of Resource Science and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300, Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia.
105
Centre for Remote Imaging, Sensing and Processing, National University of Singapore, 10 Lower Kent Ridge Road, Blk S17, Level 2, 119076, Singapore.
106
Geological Survey of Finland, P.O. Box 97 (Vaasantie 6), FI 67101, Kokkola, Finland.
107
Earthy Matters Environmental Consultants, Glenvar, Letterkenny, Co., Donegal, Ireland.
108
Research Centre for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI), JL. Raya Jakarta - Bogor Km. 46 Cibinong, 16911, Bogor, Indonesia.
109
Department of Soil Science and Land Reclamation, Faculty of Environment and Agriculture, University of Warmia and Mazury, Michała Oczapowskiego 2, Olsztyn, Poland.
110
Ecological Sciences Group, The James Hutton Institute, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen, AB158QH, Scotland, UK.
111
Department of Agriculture Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400, Serdang, Malaysia.
112
Centre for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto University, 46 Shimoadachi-cho, Yoshida Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8501, Japan.
113
Southeast Asia Program, Research and Conservation Division, Copenhagen Zoo, Roskildevej 32, 2000, Frederiksberg, Denmark.
114
Institute of Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation, Faculty of Resource Science and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300, Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia.
115
Environmental Research Institute, University of Highlands and Islands, Castle St., Thurso, KW147JD, UK.
PMID:
27670948
DOI:
10.1111/gcb.13516
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