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Water Sci Technol. 2019 Jun;79(12):2407-2416. doi: 10.2166/wst.2019.243.

Comprehensive study of the percolation of water from surface runoff with an emphasis on the retention capacity and intensity of precipitation.

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Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Košice, Košice, Slovakia E-mail:
Department of Municipal Water Management, University of Technology, Brno, Czech Republic.
Department of Water and Water Structures Engineering Zagazig, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt and College of Engineering, Civil Engineering Department, Shaqra University, Duwadimi, Saudi Arabia.
Department of Architectural Engineering, Technical University of Košice, Košice, Slovakia.
Department of Geosciences, Technical University of Košice, Košice, Slovakia.


Urban hydrology was created in order to improve methods of managing the runoff of precipitation in towns and protect them from flooding while also protecting public health and environment. The essence of a future solution consists in finding an acceptable compromise of an alternative solution for draining rainwater from a territory. The content of this work is a study focused on resolving the percolation of water from surface runoff and the confrontation between a field test, laboratory analysis, and numerical analysis. By confronting and subsequently proposing conditions for percolation, documents will be created for making urban drainage better and more efficient. The reason for the origin of the subject work follows from the insufficient information on infiltration systems in Slovak technical standards and, likewise, the lack of support for the percolation of water from surface runoff. This work points out the approaches, principles, and fundamentals of a proposal for percolation. The aim of the work is distribution of scientific knowledge in the field of research and solutions for the percolation of water from surface runoff, with emphasis placed on the retention capacity of the selected territory and the intensity of precipitation. A geological study (orientational, detailed or supplementary) must always be conducted with any decision on rainwater percolation in a certain locality. Its range is dependent on the difficulty and type of construction. The preliminary study of areal condition should be focused on detailed engineering-geological and hydrological information. After this work, it is concluded that the percolation of rainwater in urban areas with suitable hydrogeological condition is an effective rainwater management technology as well as protection to congestion of sewer systems.


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