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Sensors (Basel). 2016 Oct 6;16(10). pii: E1652.

Highly Selective and Ultrasensitive Turn-on Luminescence Chemosensor for Mercury (II) Determination Based on the Rhodamine 6G Derivative FC1 and Au Nanoparticles.

Author information

1
Laboratorio de Desarrollo Analítico y Quimiometría (LADAQ), Universidad Nacional del Litoral, CONICET, FBCB, Ciudad Universitaria, Santa Fe 3000, Argentine. rbrasca@fiq.unl.edu.ar.
2
Laboratorio de Desarrollo Analítico y Quimiometría (LADAQ), Universidad Nacional del Litoral, CONICET, FBCB, Ciudad Universitaria, Santa Fe 3000, Argentine. celeste.onaindia@gmail.com.
3
Laboratorio de Desarrollo Analítico y Quimiometría (LADAQ), Universidad Nacional del Litoral, CONICET, FBCB, Ciudad Universitaria, Santa Fe 3000, Argentine. hgoico@fbcb.unl.edu.ar.
4
Department of Analytical Chemistry and IACYS, University of Extremadura, Badajoz 06006, Spain. arsenio@unex.es.
5
Laboratorio de Desarrollo Analítico y Quimiometría (LADAQ), Universidad Nacional del Litoral, CONICET, FBCB, Ciudad Universitaria, Santa Fe 3000, Argentine. mculzoni@fbcb.unl.edu.ar.

Abstract

A method for the detection and quantitation of Hg2+ in aqueous samples by fluorescence spectroscopy is presented. It consists of a turn-on sensor developed by coupling Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) with the rhodamine 6G derivative FC1, in which the response is generated by a mercury-induced ring-opening reaction. The AuNPs were included in order to improve the sensitivity of the method towards the analyte, maintaining its high selectivity. The method was validated in terms of linearity, precision and accuracy, and applied to the quantitation of Hg2+ in Milli-Q and tap water with and without spiked analyte. The limit of detection and quantitation were 0.15 μg·L-1 and 0.43 μg·L-1, respectively, constituting a substantial improvement of sensitivity in comparison with the previously reported detection of Hg2+ with free FC1.

KEYWORDS:

Au nanoparticles; Hg2+ chemosensor; aqueous solution; fluorimetric assay; rhodamine 6G derivative

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