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Rev Port Cardiol. 2019 Dec 2. pii: S0870-2551(19)30482-2. doi: 10.1016/j.repc.2018.01.014. [Epub ahead of print]

Pacemaker lead as an iatrogenic cause of right heart failure: Case report.

[Article in English, Portuguese]

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Hospital de Cascais, Alcabideche, Portugal. Electronic address:
Hospital de Cascais, Alcabideche, Portugal.
Hospital Lusíadas, Lisboa, Portugal.


Technical advances in health care have improved patient survival and quality of life, but are not devoid of complications. We present the case of a 74-year-old woman with a history of hypertensive heart disease with preserved systolic function, atrial fibrillation and dyslipidemia. She had a DDDR pacemaker implanted in 2005 due to symptomatic complete atrioventricular block. The patient reported progressive fatigue, weakness, ascites with abdominal discomfort, and lower limb edema, accompanied by non-specific hepatic cholestasis on biochemical testing. Abdominal ultrasound revealed homogeneous hepatomegaly and dilatation of the inferior vena cava and upper hepatic veins, suggestive of congestive hepatopathy. Echocardiography revealed tricuspid regurgitation progressively worsening over the previous four years and dilatation and progressive dysfunction of the right ventricle, with preserved left ventricular function. The transesophageal echocardiogram revealed severe tricuspid regurgitation with flail septal leaflet and marked dilatation of the tricuspid annulus due to mechanical interference of the pacemaker lead, which was adhering to the septal leaflet. Minimally invasive surgical treatment was performed with partial resection of the leaflet, placement of a tricuspid annuloplasty ring and replacement of the pacemaker lead. Regression of the congestive symptoms was observed, and the postoperative echocardiogram showed the tricuspid annuloplasty ring with no evidence of stenosis and only slightly dilated right chambers with moderate pulmonary hypertension. Six months after the procedure, the patient suffered an acute neurological event and died.


Annuloplasty; Anuloplastia; Electrocatéter; Heart valve disease; Iatrogenia; Iatrogenic; Pacemaker lead; Regurgitação tricúspide; Tricuspid regurgitation; Valvulopatia

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