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Molecules. 2014 Dec 23;20(1):88-110. doi: 10.3390/molecules20010088.

Using dyes for evaluating photocatalytic properties: a critical review.

Author information

1
Department of Chemical Engineering, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 3200003, Israel. small22@tx.technion.ac.il.
2
Department of Chemical Engineering, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 3200003, Israel. sagipas@tx.technion.ac.il.
3
Department of Chemical Engineering, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 3200003, Israel. paz@tx.technion.ac.il.

Abstract

This brief review aims at analyzing the use of dyestuffs for evaluating the photocatalytic properties of novel photocatalysts. It is shown that the use of dyes as predictors for photocatalytic activity has its roots in the pre visible-light activity era, when the aim was to treat effluents streams containing hazardous dyes. The main conclusion of this review is that, in general, dyes are inappropriate as model compounds for the evaluation of photocatalytic activity of novel photocatalysts claimed to operate under visible light. Their main advantage, the ability to use UV-Vis spectroscopy, is severely limited by a variety of factors, most of which are related to the presence of other species. The presence of a second mechanism, sensitization, diminishes the generality required from a model contaminant used for testing a novel photocatalyst. While it is recommended not to use dyes for general testing of novel photocatalysts, it is still understandable that a model system consisting of a dye and a semiconductor can be of large importance if the degradation of a specific dye is the main aim of the research, or, alternatively, if the abilities of a specific dye to induce the degradation of a different type of contaminant are under study.

PMID:
25546623
PMCID:
PMC6272780
DOI:
10.3390/molecules20010088
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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