Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Materials (Basel). 2010 Jul 6;3(7):3939-3947. doi: 10.3390/ma3073939.

Combustion Synthesis of Porous TiC/Ti Composite by a Self-Propagating Mode.

Author information

1
Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya University, 1 Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8603, Japan. kobashi@numse.nagoya-u.ac.jp.
2
Graduate student, Nagoya University, 1 Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8603, Japan.
3
Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya University, 1 Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8603, Japan. kanetake@numse.nagoya-u.ac.jp.

Abstract

Porous titanium carbide (TiC) and TiC/Ti composites were synthesized by self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS). Titanium and carbon powders were blended by various Ti/C blending ratios. The heat of reaction between titanium and carbon was high enough to induce the self-sustaining reaction of TiC formation on condition that some processing parameters (Ti/C ratio and porosity of the precursor) were appropriately selected. When the Ti/C blending ratio was high, the excess amount of titanium absorbed the heat of reaction. Consequently, the heated zone was not heated up to the ignition temperature. On the other hand, when the Ti/C ratio was low, high thermal conductivity of the precursor prevented an ignition of the heated side of precursors. The pore morphology was controlled by changing the Ti/C ratio and the preheat temperature.

KEYWORDS:

biomaterials; cell material; combustion temperature; metal matrix composites (MMCs); porous material; self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS)

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI) Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center