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Microsc Microanal. 2008 Jun;14(3):260-6. doi: 10.1017/S1431927608080355.

Characterization of cold spray titanium deposits by X-ray microscopy and microtomography.

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CSIRO Materials Science and Engineering, Gate 5, Normanby Road, Clayton, Victoria 3168, Australia.


Cold gas dynamic spray (cold spray) is a rapid deposition technology in which particles deposit at velocities above the speed of sound (approximately 340 ms-1). Generally, porosity forms in cold spray deposits due to insufficient deformation of particles. In this study, the unique capability of the X-ray microscopy and microtomography is utilized to visualize the internal structure of deposited material. The results show that this characterization technique successfully reveals porosities in the cold spray commercial purity (CP) titanium structure. Furthermore, microtomography images confirmed the experimental results for porosity measurements in which helium (compared with nitrogen) as carrier gas significantly decreases porosity in cold spray CP titanium.


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