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Molecules. 2017 Dec 14;22(12). pii: E2218. doi: 10.3390/molecules22122218.

Nb-Based Zeolites: Efficient bi-Functional Catalysts for the One-Pot Synthesis of Succinic Acid from Glucose.

Author information

1
Department of Organic Chemistry, Biochemistry and Catalysis, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Bucharest, Bdul Regina Elisabeta 4-12, Bucharest 030016, Romania. magdi.belkassim@yahoo.com.
2
Department of Organic Chemistry, Biochemistry and Catalysis, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Bucharest, Bdul Regina Elisabeta 4-12, Bucharest 030016, Romania. natalia.candu@chimie.unibuc.ro.
3
Department of Organic Chemistry, Biochemistry and Catalysis, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Bucharest, Bdul Regina Elisabeta 4-12, Bucharest 030016, Romania. simona.coman@chimie.unibuc.ro.
4
Department of Organic Chemistry, Biochemistry and Catalysis, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Bucharest, Bdul Regina Elisabeta 4-12, Bucharest 030016, Romania. vasile.parvulescu@chimie.unibuc.ro.

Abstract

The one-pot production of succinic acid from glucose was investigated in pure hot water as solvent using Nb (0.02 and 0.05 moles%)-Beta zeolites obtained by a post-synthesis methodology. Structurally, they are comprised of residual framework Al-acid sites, extra-framework isolated Nb (V) and Nb₂O₅ pore-encapsulated clusters. The Nb-modified Beta-zeolites acted as bi-functional catalysts in which glucose is dehydrated to levulinic acid (LA) which, further, suffers an oxidation process to succinic acid (SA). After the optimization of the reaction conditions, that is, at 180 °C, 18 bar O₂, and 12 h reaction time, the oxidation of glucose occurred with a selectivity to succinic acid as high as 84% for a total conversion.

KEYWORDS:

Beta-zeolite; dealumination; glucose; niobium; oxidation; post-synthesis insertion; succinic acid

PMID:
29240713
PMCID:
PMC6149682
DOI:
10.3390/molecules22122218
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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