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Targeting White Adipose Tissue with Exercise or Bariatric Surgery as Therapeutic Strategies in Obesity.

Giolo De Carvalho F, Sparks LM.

Biology (Basel). 2019 Mar 15;8(1). pii: E16. doi: 10.3390/biology8010016. Review.


Precision exercise medicine: understanding exercise response variability.

Ross R, Goodpaster BH, Koch LG, Sarzynski MA, Kohrt WM, Johannsen NM, Skinner JS, Castro A, Irving BA, Noland RC, Sparks LM, Spielmann G, Day AG, Pitsch W, Hopkins WG, Bouchard C.

Br J Sports Med. 2019 Mar 12. pii: bjsports-2018-100328. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2018-100328. [Epub ahead of print]


GDF15 Provides an Endocrine Signal of Nutritional Stress in Mice and Humans.

Patel S, Alvarez-Guaita A, Melvin A, Rimmington D, Dattilo A, Miedzybrodzka EL, Cimino I, Maurin AC, Roberts GP, Meek CL, Virtue S, Sparks LM, Parsons SA, Redman LM, Bray GA, Liou AP, Woods RM, Parry SA, Jeppesen PB, Kolnes AJ, Harding HP, Ron D, Vidal-Puig A, Reimann F, Gribble FM, Hulston CJ, Farooqi IS, Fafournoux P, Smith SR, Jensen J, Breen D, Wu Z, Zhang BB, Coll AP, Savage DB, O'Rahilly S.

Cell Metab. 2019 Mar 5;29(3):707-718.e8. doi: 10.1016/j.cmet.2018.12.016. Epub 2019 Jan 10.


HDAC11 suppresses the thermogenic program of adipose tissue via BRD2.

Bagchi RA, Ferguson BS, Stratton MS, Hu T, Cavasin MA, Sun L, Lin YH, Liu D, Londono P, Song K, Pino MF, Sparks LM, Smith SR, Scherer PE, Collins S, Seto E, McKinsey TA.

JCI Insight. 2018 Aug 9;3(15). pii: 120159. doi: 10.1172/jci.insight.120159. eCollection 2018 Aug 9.


Exercise Response Variations in Skeletal Muscle PCr Recovery Rate and Insulin Sensitivity Relate to Muscle Epigenomic Profiles in Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes.

Stephens NA, Brouwers B, Eroshkin AM, Yi F, Cornnell HH, Meyer C, Goodpaster BH, Pratley RE, Smith SR, Sparks LM.

Diabetes Care. 2018 Oct;41(10):2245-2254. doi: 10.2337/dc18-0296. Epub 2018 Aug 2.


Elevated Nicotinamide Phosphoribosyl Transferase in Skeletal Muscle Augments Exercise Performance and Mitochondrial Respiratory Capacity Following Exercise Training.

Brouwers B, Stephens NA, Costford SR, Hopf ME, Ayala JE, Yi F, Xie H, Li JL, Gardell SJ, Sparks LM, Smith SR.

Front Physiol. 2018 Jun 11;9:704. doi: 10.3389/fphys.2018.00704. eCollection 2018.


Genetic Markers of Brown Adipose Tissue Identity and In Vitro Brown Adipose Tissue Activity in Humans.

Nascimento EBM, Sparks LM, Divoux A, van Gisbergen MW, Broeders EPM, Jörgensen JA, Schaart G, Bouvy ND, van Marken Lichtenbelt WD, Schrauwen P.

Obesity (Silver Spring). 2018 Jan;26(1):135-140. doi: 10.1002/oby.22062. Epub 2017 Nov 27.


Skeletal muscle overexpression of nicotinamide phosphoribosyl transferase in mice coupled with voluntary exercise augments exercise endurance.

Costford SR, Brouwers B, Hopf ME, Sparks LM, Dispagna M, Gomes AP, Cornnell HH, Petucci C, Phelan P, Xie H, Yi F, Walter GA, Osborne TF, Sinclair DA, Mynatt RL, Ayala JE, Gardell SJ, Smith SR.

Mol Metab. 2018 Jan;7:1-11. doi: 10.1016/j.molmet.2017.10.012. Epub 2017 Nov 6.


Exercise training reduces intrahepatic lipid content in people with and people without nonalcoholic fatty liver.

Brouwers B, Schrauwen-Hinderling VB, Jelenik T, Gemmink A, Sparks LM, Havekes B, Bruls Y, Dahlmans D, Roden M, Hesselink MKC, Schrauwen P.

Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2018 Feb 1;314(2):E165-E173. doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.00266.2017. Epub 2017 Nov 7.


Exercise training response heterogeneity: physiological and molecular insights.

Sparks LM.

Diabetologia. 2017 Dec;60(12):2329-2336. doi: 10.1007/s00125-017-4461-6. Epub 2017 Oct 14. Review.


Rev-Erb co-regulates muscle regeneration via tethered interaction with the NF-Y cistrome.

Welch RD, Guo C, Sengupta M, Carpenter KJ, Stephens NA, Arnett SA, Meyers MJ, Sparks LM, Smith SR, Zhang J, Burris TP, Flaveny CA.

Mol Metab. 2017 May 19;6(7):703-714. doi: 10.1016/j.molmet.2017.05.001. eCollection 2017 Jul.


Metabolic Flexibility in Health and Disease.

Goodpaster BH, Sparks LM.

Cell Metab. 2017 May 2;25(5):1027-1036. doi: 10.1016/j.cmet.2017.04.015. Review.


Pioglitazone-induced improvements in insulin sensitivity occur without concomitant changes in muscle mitochondrial function.

Bajpeyi S, Pasarica M, Conley KE, Newcomer BR, Jubrias SA, Gamboa C, Murray K, Sereda O, Sparks LM, Smith SR.

Metabolism. 2017 Apr;69:24-32. doi: 10.1016/j.metabol.2016.11.016. Epub 2016 Dec 9.


Resistance training to improve type 2 diabetes: working toward a prescription for the future.

Pesta DH, Goncalves RLS, Madiraju AK, Strasser B, Sparks LM.

Nutr Metab (Lond). 2017 Mar 2;14:24. doi: 10.1186/s12986-017-0173-7. eCollection 2017. Review.


Active individuals have high mitochondrial content and oxidative markers in their abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue.

Pino MF, Parsons SA, Smith SR, Sparks LM.

Obesity (Silver Spring). 2016 Dec;24(12):2467-2470. doi: 10.1002/oby.21669. Epub 2016 Nov 2.


Effects of 12 Months of Caloric Restriction on Muscle Mitochondrial Function in Healthy Individuals.

Sparks LM, Redman LM, Conley KE, Harper ME, Yi F, Hodges A, Eroshkin A, Costford SR, Gabriel ME, Shook C, Cornnell HH, Ravussin E, Smith SR.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2017 Jan 1;102(1):111-121. doi: 10.1210/jc.2016-3211.


Differences in Mitochondrial Coupling Reveal a Novel Signature of Mitohormesis in Muscle of Healthy Individuals.

Sparks LM, Redman LM, Conley KE, Harper ME, Hodges A, Eroshkin A, Costford SR, Gabriel ME, Yi F, Shook C, Cornnell HH, Ravussin E, Smith SR.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2016 Dec;101(12):4994-5003. Epub 2016 Oct 6.


ANT1-mediated fatty acid-induced uncoupling as a target for improving myocellular insulin sensitivity.

Sparks LM, Gemmink A, Phielix E, Bosma M, Schaart G, Moonen-Kornips E, Jörgensen JA, Nascimento EB, Hesselink MK, Schrauwen P, Hoeks J.

Diabetologia. 2016 May;59(5):1030-9. doi: 10.1007/s00125-016-3885-8. Epub 2016 Feb 17.


A transcriptional signature of "exercise resistance" in skeletal muscle of individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Stephens NA, Xie H, Johannsen NM, Church TS, Smith SR, Sparks LM.

Metabolism. 2015 Sep;64(9):999-1004. doi: 10.1016/j.metabol.2015.06.008. Epub 2015 Jun 16.


PGC1α -1 Nucleosome Position and Splice Variant Expression and Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Overweight and Obese Individuals.

Henagan TM, Stewart LK, Forney LA, Sparks LM, Johannsen N, Church TS.

PPAR Res. 2014;2014:895734. doi: 10.1155/2014/895734. Epub 2014 Dec 28.

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