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Waste Manag. 2019 May 1;90:46-58. doi: 10.1016/j.wasman.2019.04.022. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

Energy efficient production of glass-ceramics using photovoltaic (P/V) glass and lignite fly ash.

Author information

1
School of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Crete, Politechnioupolis, Chania 73100, Greece. Electronic address: vsavvilotidou@hotmail.com.
2
School of Mineral Resources Engineering, Technical University of Crete, Politechnioupolis, Chania 73100, Greece. Electronic address: akritik@mred.tuc.gr.
3
School of Mineral Resources Engineering, Technical University of Crete, Politechnioupolis, Chania 73100, Greece. Electronic address: astratak@mred.tuc.gr.
4
School of Mineral Resources Engineering, Technical University of Crete, Politechnioupolis, Chania 73100, Greece. Electronic address: komni@mred.tuc.gr.
5
School of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Crete, Politechnioupolis, Chania 73100, Greece. Electronic address: gidarako@mred.tuc.gr.

Abstract

This study investigates an innovative approach for the valorization of specific wastes generated from the energy sector and the production of glass-ceramics. The wastes used were photovoltaic (P/V) glass, produced from the renewable energy sector, and lignite fly ash, produced from the conventional energy sector. The process first involved the production of glass after melting specific mixtures of wastes, namely (i) 70% P/V glass and 30% lignite fly ash, and (ii) 80% P/V glass and 20% lignite fly ash, at 1200 °C for 1 h as revealed by the use of a heating microscope. The results indicated that the P/V glass, as a sodium-potassium-rich inorganic waste, reduces energy requirements of the melting process. The produced glass was then used for the production of glass-ceramics. Dense and homogeneous glass-ceramics, exhibiting high chemical stability and no toxicity, were produced after controlled thermal treatment of glass at 800 °C. The mechanical (compressive strength, Vickers hardness) and physical (open porosity, bulk density and water absorption) properties of the produced glass-ceramics were evaluated. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Energy Dispersive X-ray fluorescence (ED-XRF) were used for the characterization of the raw materials and the produced glass-ceramics. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) provided further insights on the microstructure of the final products. The properties of the produced glass-ceramics, namely water absorption and compressive strength, render them suitable for applications in the construction industry. The waste valorization approach followed in this study is in line with the principles of circular economy.

KEYWORDS:

Lignite fly ash; Mechanical properties; Physical properties; Sintering; Waste P/V glass

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