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Technologies (Basel). 2016 Sep;4(3). pii: 21. Epub 2016 Jul 21.

Assistive Technology Needs and Measurement of the Psychosocial Impact of Assistive Technologies for Independent Living of Older Hispanics: Lessons Learned.

Author information

1
Occupational Therapy Program, School of Health Professions, Medical Sciences Campus, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, PR 00926-1117, Puerto Rico; Puerto Rico Assistive Technology Program, Office of the Vice President for Research and Technology, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, PR 00926-1117, Puerto Rico.
2
Interdisciplinary School of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, 25 University St., Ottawa, K1N 6N5, Ontario, ON, Canada.
3
Occupational Therapy Program, School of Health Professions, Medical Sciences Campus, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, PR 00926-1117, Puerto Rico.
4
Puerto Rico Assistive Technology Program, Office of the Vice President for Research and Technology, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, PR 00926-1117, Puerto Rico.

Abstract

(1) Knowledge about the assistive technology (AT) needs and psychosocial impact of AT in different populations is needed because the adoption, retention, or abandonment of AT may be influenced by the psychosocial impact that AT has on its users. The aims of this study were to: (a) identify the AT needs of a sample of Hispanic older adults with functional limitations, (b) describe the psychosocial impact of these technologies on the sample's quality of life, and (c) describe the methodological challenges in using the Puerto Rican version of the Psychosocial Impact of Assistive Device Scale (PR-PIADS) with a Hispanic sample. (2) Methods: This study used a cross-sectional design conducted with a sample of 60 participants. Data was collected using the Assistive Technology Card Assessment Questionnaire (ATCAQ) and the PR-PIADS. Data analyses included descriptive statistics and bivariate analysis. (3) Results: The sample's most frequently reported needs for AT devices were in the areas of cooking, home tasks, and home safety activities. The sample reported a positive impact of AT use in their quality of life. Several methodological challenges of the PIADS were identified. (4) Conclusions: The sample has unmet needs for using AT devices to overcome difficulties in daily living activities.

KEYWORDS:

Hispanics; assistive technology measurement; older adults; psychosocial impact

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