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Materials (Basel). 2016 May 12;9(5). pii: E362. doi: 10.3390/ma9050362.

Evaluation of Bonding Shear Performance of Ultra-High-Performance Concrete with Increase in Delay in Formation of Cold Joints.

Author information

1
Department of Architecture Engineering, Hanyang University, 55, Hanyangdaehak-ro, Sangrok-gu, Ansan-si, Gyeonggi-do 15588, Korea. ercleehs@hanyang.ac.kr.
2
Department of Architecture Engineering, Hanyang University, 55, Hanyangdaehak-ro, Sangrok-gu, Ansan-si, Gyeonggi-do 15588, Korea. san1312@hanyang.ac.kr.
3
Structural Engineering Research Institute, Korea Institute of Civil Engineering and Building Technology, 283, Goyangdae-ro, Ilsanseo-gu, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do 10223, Korea. kcho@kict.re.kr.

Abstract

This study set out to derive the optimal conditions for ensuring the monolithicity of ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC). Direct shear tests were performed to examine the influence on the bonding shear performance. The experimental variables included tamping and delay, which were set to 0, 15, 30, and 60 min. SEM and XRD analyses of the microstructure and composition were performed. The direct shear tests showed that the bonding shear strength was enhanced by the addition of tamping. For the normal-strength concrete (NSC), it is thought that a monolithicity of around 95% can be attained with a cold joint formation delay up to 60 min. In contrast, while the normalized bonding shear strength reduction of UHPC with a delay of 15 min was the lowest at around 8%, a dramatic degradation in the bonding shear performance was observed after 15 min. XRD analyses of the middle and surface sections revealed the composition of the thin film formed at the surface of the UHPC and, as a result, the main component appeared to be SiO₂, which is believed to be a result of the rising of the SiO₂-based filler, used as an admixture in this study, towards the surface, due to its low specific gravity.

KEYWORDS:

SEM; XRD; bond strength; cold joint; delay; direct shear test; ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC)

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