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Insects. 2019 Jun 16;10(6). pii: E173. doi: 10.3390/insects10060173.

Mosquitoes of Etiological Concern in Kenya and Possible Control Strategies.

Author information

1
Key Laboratory of Special Pathogens and Biosafety, Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430071, China. skarungu@yahoo.com.
2
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China. skarungu@yahoo.com.
3
Key Laboratory of Special Pathogens and Biosafety, Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430071, China. atonet@live.com.
4
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China. atonet@live.com.
5
Key Laboratory of Special Pathogens and Biosafety, Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430071, China. josephogallo@gmail.com.
6
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China. josephogallo@gmail.com.
7
Key Laboratory of Special Pathogens and Biosafety, Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430071, China. carolinemwaliko@gmail.com.
8
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China. carolinemwaliko@gmail.com.
9
Mammalogy Section, National Museum of Kenya, P.O. Box 40658, Nairobi 00100, Kenya. benrisky@gmail.com.
10
Key Laboratory of Special Pathogens and Biosafety, Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430071, China. yzm@wh.iov.cn.
11
Key Laboratory of Special Pathogens and Biosafety, Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430071, China. huxm@wh.iov.cn.

Abstract

Kenya is among the most affected tropical countries with pathogen transmitting Culicidae vectors. For decades, insect vectors have contributed to the emergence and distribution of viral and parasitic pathogens. Outbreaks and diseases have a great impact on a country's economy, as resources that would otherwise be used for developmental projects are redirected to curb hospitalization cases and manage outbreaks. Infected invasive mosquito species have been shown to increasingly cross both local and global boarders due to the presence of increased environmental changes, trade, and tourism. In Kenya, there have been several mosquito-borne disease outbreaks such as the recent outbreaks along the coast of Kenya, involving chikungunya and dengue. This certainly calls for the implementation of strategies aimed at strengthening integrated vector management programs. In this review, we look at mosquitoes of public health concern in Kenya, while highlighting the pathogens they have been linked with over the years and across various regions. In addition, the major strategies that have previously been used in mosquito control and what more could be done to reduce or combat the menace caused by these hematophagous vectors are presented.

KEYWORDS:

Aedes; Anopheles; Culex; Mansonia; mosquito control; pathogens

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