Send to

Choose Destination
Materials (Basel). 2020 Feb 13;13(4). pii: E847. doi: 10.3390/ma13040847.

Tribological Properties of Ni/Cu/Ni Coating on the Ti-6Al-4V Alloy after Annealing at Various Temperatures.

Luo J1,2, Wang N3, Zhu L1,2, Wu G1,2, Li L1,2, Yang M3, Zhang L3, Chen Y3.

Author information

CNPC Tubular Goods Research Institute, Xi'an 710017, China.
CNPC Key Laboratory for PetroChina Tubular Goods Engineering, Xi'an 710077, China.
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Chang'an University, Xi'an 710064, China.


Diffusion reaction was a crucial route to enhance the wear resistance of Ti-6Al-4V alloys surface. In this work, the Ni/Cu/Ni composite layers were fabricated on the surface of Ti-6Al-4V alloy by electroplate craft, and then different annealing temperatures were applied to further optimize its tribological properties. The diffusion behaviors at various temperatures were systematically analyzed to reveal the physical mechanism of the enhanced tribological properties of the coatings. It was demonstrated that CuxTiy and NixTiy intermetallic compounds with high hardness and strength were produced in the Ni/Cu/Ni coating, which acted as the reinforcing phases and improved the microhardness, reduced the friction coefficient, and lessened the wear rate. Specially, this effect reached the maximum when the annealing temperature was 800 °C, showing excellent wear resistance. This work revealed the relationship between annealing temperatures and tribological properties of the Ni/Cu/Ni coating, and proposed wear mechanism, aiming to improve the surface performance of Ti-6Al-4V alloy by appropriate diffusion behavior.


Ni/Cu/Ni coating; Ti-6Al-4V alloy; phases transitions; tribological properties; wear mechanism

Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
Loading ...
Support Center