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Appl Opt. 2013 Aug 1;52(22):5539-44. doi: 10.1364/AO.52.005539.

Effects of melamine formaldehyde resin and CaCO3 diffuser-loaded encapsulation on correlated color temperature uniformity of phosphor-converted LEDs.

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Division of MOEMS, Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics, Wuhan, China.


Phosphor-free dispensing is the most widely used LED packaging method, but this method results in poor quality in angular CCT uniformity. This study proposes a diffuser-loaded encapsulation to solve the problem; the effects of melamine formaldehyde (MF) resin and CaCO3 loaded encapsulation on correlated color temperature (CCT) uniformity and luminous efficiency reduction of the phosphor-converted LEDs are investigated. Results reveal that MF resin loaded encapsulation has better light diffusion performance compared to MF resin loaded encapsulation at the same diffuser concentration, but CaCO3 loaded encapsulation has better luminous efficiency maintenance. The improvements in angular color uniformity for the LEDs emitting with MF resin and CaCO3 loaded encapsulation can be explained by the increase in photon scattering. The utility of this low cost and controllable mineral diffuser packaging method provides a practical approach for enhancing the angular color uniformity of LEDs. The diffuser mass ratio of 1% MF resin or 10% CaCO3 is the optimum condition to obtain low angular CCT variance and high luminous efficiency.


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