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Materials (Basel). 2019 Dec 9;12(24). pii: E4112. doi: 10.3390/ma12244112.

Temperature Effects on the Dielectric Properties and Breakdown Performance of h-BN/Epoxy Composites.

Author information

1
Key Laboratory for Robot Intelligent Technology of Shandong Province, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266590, China.
2
College of New Energy, China University of Petroleum (East China), Qingdao 266580, China.

Abstract

Epoxy-boron nitride composites are promising insulating materials, and it is highly important to understand their insulating performances at different temperatures with different nano-doping amounts. In this study, we investigated the effects of different mass fractions of epoxy-micron hexagonal boron nitride composites on their thermal conductivity, as well as the effects of temperature and mass fraction on their insulating performances. The results demonstrated that the thermal conductivity of epoxy-micron hexagonal boron nitride composites was superior to that of neat epoxy. The thermal conductivity of epoxy-micron hexagonal boron nitride composites increased with the mass fraction of hexagonal boron nitride, and their dielectric constant and dielectric loss increased with temperature. The dielectric constant of epoxy-micron hexagonal boron nitride composites decreased as the mass fraction of hexagonal boron nitride increased, while their dielectric losses decreased and then increased as the mass fraction of hexagonal boron nitride increased. Due to internal heat accumulation, the alternating current breakdown strength of epoxy-micron hexagonal boron nitride composites increased and then decreased as the mass fraction of hexagonal boron nitride increased. Additionally, as the temperature increased, the composites transitioned from the glassy state to the rubbery or viscous state, and the breakdown strength significantly degraded.

KEYWORDS:

boron nitride; breakdown strength; composites; dielectric properties; epoxy; thermal conductivity

PMID:
31818037
DOI:
10.3390/ma12244112
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