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Sensors (Basel). 2014 May 5;14(5):8026-36. doi: 10.3390/s140508026.

Development of a micro-step voltage-fed actuator with a novel stepper motor for automobile AGS systems.

Author information

1
Korea Electronics Technology Institute, 203-101, Bucheon TP 192 Yakdae-dong, Wonmi-gu, Bucheon-si, Gyeonggi-do 420-140, Korea. rhyush@keti.re.kr.
2
Korea Electronics Technology Institute, 203-101, Bucheon TP 192 Yakdae-dong, Wonmi-gu, Bucheon-si, Gyeonggi-do 420-140, Korea. leejj@keti.re.kr.
3
School of Energy Engineering, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 702-701, Korea. bggu@knu.ac.kr.
4
Technology Co. Ltd., Seoul 152-769, Korea. bdchoi@onktech.com.
5
Technology Co. Ltd., Seoul 152-769, Korea. jhlim@onktech.com.

Abstract

This paper presents an improved micro-step voltage-fed actuator for an automobile active grill shutter (AGS) system. A novel structured stepper motor, which contains both the main and auxiliary teeth in the stator, is proposed for the actuator. In a normal permanent magnet (PM) motor coils are generally wound on all the stator teeth, however, in the proposed motor, the winding is only on the main teeth. Because of the absence of coils in the auxiliary teeth, the proposed stepper motor possesses the following advantages: simple structure, lighter weight, smaller volume, and less time consumption. The unique auxiliary poles in the stepper motor supply the flux path to increase the step resolution even without any coils. The characteristics of the proposed stepper motor were investigated using finite element analysis. In particular, the effect of the magnetization distribution of the PM on the motor performance was investigated during the analysis. Cogging torque, which causes noise and vibration issues, was minimized by the tooth-shape optimization. In addition, a micro-step voltage-fed algorithm was implemented for a high-resolution position control. By employing a current close to a sine wave using space vector pulse-width modulation, a high-quality current waveform with a high resolution was obtained. Finally, the proposed prototype was fabricated, and the cogging torque, back-electromotive force, and current characteristics were measured by mounting the prototype on the AGS system. Both the analysis and experimental results validate the performance improvement from the proposed motor and its possible application for the flap control of the AGS system.

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