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Waste Manag Res. 2014 May;32(5):406-13. doi: 10.1177/0734242X14527637. Epub 2014 Apr 9.

Carbonation of municipal solid waste incineration electrostatic precipitator fly ashes in solution.

Author information

1
1Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Brussels, Belgium.

Abstract

Carbonation was applied to a Pb- and Zn-contaminated fraction of municipal solid waste incineration electrofilter fly ashes in order to reduce heavy metal leaching. Carbonation tests were performed in solution, by Na2CO3 addition or CO2 bubbling, and were compared with washing (with water only). The injection of CO2 during the washing did not modify the mineralogy, but the addition of Na2CO3 induced the reaction with anhydrite, forming calcite. Microprobe analyses showed that Pb and Zn contamination was rather diffuse and that the various treatments had no effect on Pb and Zn speciation in the residues. The leaching tests indicated that carbonation using Na2CO3 was successful because it gave a residue that could be considered as non-hazardous material. With CO2 bubbling, Pb and Zn leaching was strongly decreased compared with material washed with water alone, but the amount of chromium extracted became higher than the non-hazardous waste limits for landfilling.

KEYWORDS:

Carbonation; fly ash; leaching; municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI)

PMID:
24718362
DOI:
10.1177/0734242X14527637
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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