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Polymers (Basel). 2018 Mar 21;10(4). pii: E345. doi: 10.3390/polym10040345.

Long Range Polymer Chain Dynamics of Highly Flexible Polysiloxane in Solution Probed by Pyrene Excimer Fluorescence.

Author information

1
Institute for Polymer Research, Waterloo Institute for Nanotechnology, Department of Chemistry, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada. jlthoma@uwaterloo.ca.
2
Institute for Polymer Research, Waterloo Institute for Nanotechnology, Department of Chemistry, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada. jduhamel@uwaterloo.ca.
3
Department of Chemistry, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20057-1227, USA. mjb355@georgetown.edu.
4
Department of Chemistry, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20057-1227, USA. weissr@georgetown.edu.
5
Institute for Soft Matter Synthesis and Metrology, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20057-1227, USA. weissr@georgetown.edu.

Abstract

A poly(dimethylsiloxane-co-(3-aminopropyl)methylsiloxane) polymer (PDMS with 20.3 mol % of (3-aminopropyl)methyl siloxane monomer) has been labeled randomly with 1-pyreneacetyl groups to generate a series of polysiloxanes (Py-PDMS) with pyrenyl contents ranging from 0.7 mol % to 5.2 mol % of the total number of structural units. The remainder of the amino groups were acetylated to avoid intra-chain quenching of the excited singlet states of pyrene via exciplex formation with free amino groups while allowing the formation of excimers to proceed. The fluorescence spectra and temporal decays of the Py-PDMS samples were acquired in tetrahydrofuran (THF), N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF), and dioxane. <kMF>blob, the average rate constant for intra-chain pyrene excimer formation, was determined from the analysis of the fluorescence decays. <kMF>blob was found to equal 1.16 (±0.13) × 10⁸, 1.14 (±0.12) × 10⁸, and 0.99 (±0.10) × 10⁸ s-1 in THF, DMF, and dioxane, respectively, at room temperature. They are the largest values found to date for any polymeric backbone in these solvents. The qualitative relationship found here between <kMF>blob and the chemical structures of the polymers indicates that the luminescence characteristics of randomly labeled polymers is a very useful method to probe the long range dynamics of chains of almost any polymer that is amenable to substitution by a lumophore.

KEYWORDS:

long range polymer chain dynamics; polysiloxane; pyrene fluorescence

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