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Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2009 Aug;73(3):424-7. doi: 10.1016/j.saa.2008.10.029. Epub 2008 Nov 5.

First finding of burkeite in melt inclusions in olivine from sheared lherzolite xenoliths.

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Institute of Geology and Mineralogy of Siberian Branch Russian Academy of Sciences, Koptyug Pr. 3, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia.


For the first time burkeite was observed as a daughter phase in the melt inclusions in olivine by Raman spectroscopy. The olivine comes from sheared lherzolite xenoliths from the Udachnaya-East kimberlite pipe (Yakutia, Russia). This anhydrous sulfate-carbonate mineral (Na(6)(CO(3))(SO(4))(2)) is generally considered to be a characteristic mineral in saline soils or in continental lacustrine evaporite deposits. Recently, however, this mineral was identified in hydrothermal fluids. Our observations indicate that burkeite can also be formed from a mantle-derived melt.

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