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Sensors (Basel). 2019 Mar 12;19(5). pii: E1251. doi: 10.3390/s19051251.

Mosaicking Opportunistically Acquired Very High-Resolution Helicopter-Borne Images over Drifting Sea Ice Using COTS Sensors.

Author information

1
Unit of Arctic Sea-Ice Prediction, Korea Polar Research Institute, KIOST, Incheon 21990, Korea. chyun@kopri.re.kr.
2
Unit of Arctic Sea-Ice Prediction, Korea Polar Research Institute, KIOST, Incheon 21990, Korea. joo-hong.kim@kopri.re.kr.
3
Unit of Arctic Sea-Ice Prediction, Korea Polar Research Institute, KIOST, Incheon 21990, Korea. hyangsun@kopri.re.kr.
4
Unit of Arctic Sea-Ice Prediction, Korea Polar Research Institute, KIOST, Incheon 21990, Korea. kimhc@kopri.re.kr.

Abstract

Observing sea ice by very high-resolution (VHR) images not only improves the quality of lower-resolution remote sensing products (e.g., sea ice concentration, distribution of melt ponds and pressure ridges, sea ice surface roughness, etc.) by providing details on the ground truth of sea ice, but also assists sea ice fieldwork. In this study, two fieldwork-based methods are proposed, one for the practical acquisition of VHR images over drifting Arctic sea ice using low-cost commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) sensors equipped on a helicopter, and the other for quantifying the compensating effect from continuously drifting sea ice that reduces geolocation uncertainty in the image mosaicking procedure. The drifting trajectory of the target ice was yielded from that recorded by an icebreaker that was tightly anchored to the floe and was then used to reversely compensate the locations of acquired VHR images. After applying the compensation, three-dimensional geolocation errors of the VHR images were decreased by 79.3% and 24.2% for two pre-defined image groups, respectively. The enhanced accuracy of the imaging locations was affected by imaging duration causing variable drifting distances of individual images. Further applicability of the mosaicked VHR image was discussed by comparing it with a TerraSAR-X synthetic aperture radar image containing the target ice, suggesting that the proposed methods can be used for precise comparison with satellite remote sensing products.

KEYWORDS:

commercial off-the-shelf sensor; helicopter-borne imaging; sea ice drift; time interpolation; very high-resolution

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