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Materials (Basel). 2017 Dec 3;10(12). pii: E1382. doi: 10.3390/ma10121382.

Effect of Anisotropy on the Resilient Behaviour of a Granular Material in Low Traffic Pavement.

Author information

1
ICube, UMR7357, CNRS, Université de Strasbourg, INSA de Strasbourg, 24 Boulevard de la Victoire, 67084 Strasbourg CEDEX, France. peng.jing@insa-strasbourg.fr.
2
ICube, UMR7357, CNRS, Université de Strasbourg, INSA de Strasbourg, 24 Boulevard de la Victoire, 67084 Strasbourg CEDEX, France. hossein.nowamooz@insa-strasbourg.fr.
3
ICube, UMR7357, CNRS, Université de Strasbourg, INSA de Strasbourg, 24 Boulevard de la Victoire, 67084 Strasbourg CEDEX, France. cyrille.chazallon@insa-strasbourg.fr.

Abstract

Granular materials are often used in pavement structures. The influence of anisotropy on the mechanical behaviour of granular materials is very important. The coupled effects of water content and fine content usually lead to more complex anisotropic behaviour. With a repeated load triaxial test (RLTT), it is possible to measure the anisotropic deformation behaviour of granular materials. This article initially presents an experimental study of the resilient repeated load response of a compacted clayey natural sand with three fine contents and different water contents. Based on anisotropic behaviour, the non-linear resilient model (Boyce model) is improved by the radial anisotropy coefficient γ₃ instead of the axial anisotropy coefficient γ₁. The results from both approaches (γ₁ and γ₃) are compared with the measured volumetric and deviatoric responses. These results confirm the capacity of the improved model to capture the general trend of the experiments. Finally, finite element calculations are performed with CAST3M in order to validate the improvement of the modified Boyce model (from γ₁ to γ₃). The modelling results indicate that the modified Boyce model with γ₃ is more widely available in different water contents and different fine contents for this granular material. Besides, based on the results, the coupled effects of water content and fine content on the deflection of the structures can also be observed.

KEYWORDS:

anisotropy; finite element method; granular material; repeated load triaxial tests; resilient deformation

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