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Span J Psychol. 2017 Mar 30;20:E20. doi: 10.1017/sjp.2017.17.

Situational and Dispositional Factors that Predict Motivation: a Multilevel Study.

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Universidad Autónoma de Baja California(Mexico).
Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León(Mexico).
Universitat de Valencia(Spain).


This study aimed to test a multilevel mediation model which examined the relationship between the perceived motivational climate created by coaches at team level and motivational regulations towards sport at individual level, as mediated by individual goal orientations. 211 university athletes from 20 teams training in different types of sport completed a battery of instruments that measured the variables included in the model. The statistics significance level was .05. Results of the multilevel mediation model revealed that the task-involving climate at team level positively predicted individual task orientation (γ01 = .77, p .05). The results are in line with previous research that have focused in the study of motivational climate at individual level, but the present study make a novel contribution by providing the perspective of a multilevel mediation model and thereby clarifying the phenomenon at team level.


goal orientations; self-determination; social context; sport; team level

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