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Environ Monit Assess. 2017 Dec 28;190(1):50. doi: 10.1007/s10661-017-6403-7.

A new four-step hierarchy method for combined assessment of groundwater quality and pollution.

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Shandong Institute of Geological Survey, Jinan, Shandong Province, China.
Weifang University of Science and Technology, No. 1299, Jinguang Street, Weifang, Shandong Province, China.


A new four-step hierarchy method was constructed and applied to evaluate the groundwater quality and pollution of the Dagujia River Basin. The assessment index system is divided into four types: field test indices, common inorganic chemical indices, inorganic toxicology indices, and trace organic indices. Background values of common inorganic chemical indices and inorganic toxicology indices were estimated with the cumulative-probability curve method, and the results showed that the background values of Mg2+ (51.1 mg L-1), total hardness (TH) (509.4 mg L-1), and NO3- (182.4 mg L-1) are all higher than the corresponding grade III values of Quality Standard for Groundwater, indicating that they were poor indicators and therefore were not included in the groundwater quality assessment. The quality assessment results displayed that the field test indices were mainly classified as grade II, accounting for 60.87% of wells sampled. The indices of common inorganic chemical and inorganic toxicology were both mostly in the range of grade III, whereas the trace organic indices were predominantly classified as grade I. The variabilities and excess ratios of the indices were also calculated and evaluated. Spatial distributions showed that the groundwater with poor quality indices was mainly located in the northeast of the basin, which was well-connected with seawater intrusion. Additionally, the pollution assessment revealed that groundwater in well 44 was classified as "moderately polluted," wells 5 and 8 were "lightly polluted," and other wells were classified as "unpolluted."


Comprehensive evaluation; Four-step hierarchy; Groundwater; Quality and pollution assessment

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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