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Polymers (Basel). 2018 Oct 22;10(10). pii: E1174. doi: 10.3390/polym10101174.

The New Generation from Biomembrane with Green Technologies for Wastewater Treatment.

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Department of Physics, Faculty of Applied Science, Umm Al-Qura University, Al-Abidiyya, P.O. Box 13174, Makkah 21955, Saudi Arabia.
Department of Basic Science, Higher Institute of Engineering and Technology, El Arish, North Sinai 9004, Egypt.
Physics Department, Jamoum University College, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah 21955, Saudi Arabia.


A biopolymer of polylactic acid (PLLA)/polypropylene carbonate (PPC)/poly (3-hydroxybutrate) (PHB)/triethyl citrate (TEC) blends was prepared by the solution-casting method at different proportions. The thermal characteristics were studied by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetry (TG). PHB and TEC were added to improve the interfacial adhesion, crystallization behavior, and mechanical properties of the immiscible blend from PLLA and PPC (20%). The addition of more than 20% of PPC as an amorphous part hindered the crystallization of PLLA. PPC, PHB, and TEC also interacted with the PLLA matrix, which reduced the glass transition temperature (Tg), the cold crystallization temperature (Tcc), and the melting point (Tm) to about 53, 57 and 15 °C, respectively. The Tg shifted from 60 to 7 °C; therefore, the elongation at break improved from 6% (pure PLLA) to 285% (PLLA blends). In this article, biomembranes of PLLA with additives were developed and made by an electrospinning process. The new generation from biopolymer membranes can be used to absorb suspended pollutants in the water, which helps in the purification of drinking water in the household.


PHB; PLLA nanofibers membranes; PPC; TEC as plasticizer; biopolymer blends; electrospinning; water purification

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