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Huan Jing Ke Xue. 2018 May 8;39(5):2351-2359. doi: 10.13227/j.hjkx.201710033.

[Effects of Biochar Application Rates on Greenhouse Gas Emissions in the Purple Paddy Soil].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

1
College of Resources and Environment, Southwest University, Chongqing 400716, China.
2
Key Laboratory of Eco-environments in Three Gorges Reservoir Region, Ministry of Education, Chongqing 400715, China.

Abstract

In order to explore the effects of different amounts of biochar applied in purple paddy soil on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, potted experiments using a static opaque chamber and gas chromatography method were used to study the regulations and influences of biochar on soil greenhouse gas emission using five treatments:no fertilizer (CK), conventional fertilization (NPK), 10 t ·hm-2 biochar+NPK (LBC), 20 t ·hm-2 biochar+NPK (MBC), and 40 t ·hm-2 biochar+NPK (HBC). ① Soil CH4 emission flux reduced significantly with all biochar application treatments; the emission flux followed the order, from large to small, of NPK > CK > LBC > MBC > HBC. The CH4 emission flux of each treatment showed a single peak curve, and the peak value was mainly concentrated in the late growth stage of the paddy cropland. During the entire observation period, the emission flux of CH4 was between -0.05 mg ·(m2 ·h)-1 and 47.34 mg ·(m2 ·h)-1. The CO2 emission flux of each treatment was complicated and ranged from 32.95 mg ·(m2 ·h)-1 to 1350.88 mg ·(m2 ·h)-1. The CO2 emission flux of the LBC and MBC treatments showed bimodal curves, and the CO2 emission flux of other treatments showed single peak curves. In addition, all biochar treatments delayed the peak time of the CO2 emission flux. The N2O emission flux of each treatment ranged from -309.39 to 895.48 μg ·(m2 ·h)-1, and the N2O emission flux of the LBC treatment showed a bimodal curve, while other treatments showed single peak curves. ② Compared with the CK treatment, biochar treatment can significantly reduce the cumulative emissions of CH4 and promote the cumulative emissions of CO2 and N2O. The average amount of CH4 cumulative emissions followed the order CK > LBC > MBC > HBC, while the average amount of CO2 cumulative emissions followed LBC > MBC > HBC > CK, and the average amount of N2O cumulative emissions followed HBC > MBC≈LBC > CK. Compared with conventional fertilization treatment, different application rates of biochar addition significantly reduced CH4 and CO2 emissions. As more biochar was added, CH4 and CO2 cumulative emissions were lower. Although the regulation of N2O cumulative emissions on biochar addition was not obvious, the application of nitrogen fertilizer could promote the emission flux of N2O to some extent. ③ Over the time scale of 100 years, the integrated global warming potentials (GWP) of CH4 and N2O emission under different biochar treatment were decreased significantly, indicating that biochar combined with chemical fertilizer is an effective GHG emission reduction measure.

KEYWORDS:

GHG emission; GWP; biochar; paddy cropland; soil respiration

PMID:
29965536
DOI:
10.13227/j.hjkx.201710033
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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