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Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2008 Dec;63(6):833-40.

Operating room use of hypertonic solutions: a clinical review.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada. gustavo.azoubel@utoronto.ca

Abstract

Hyperosmotic-hyperoncotic solutions have been widely used during prehospital care of trauma patients and have shown positive hemodynamic effects. Recently, there has been a growing interest in intra-operative use of hypertonic solutions. We reviewed 30 clinical studies on the use of hypertonic saline solutions during surgeries, with the majority being cardiac surgeries. Reduced positive fluid balance, increased cardiac index, and decreased systemic vascular resistance were the main beneficial effects of using hypertonic solutions in this population. Well-designed clinical trials are highly needed, particularly in aortic aneurysm repair surgeries, where hypertonic solutions have shown many beneficial effects. Examining the immunomodulatory effects of hypertonic solutions should also be a priority in future studies.

PMID:
19061009
PMCID:
PMC2664287
DOI:
10.1590/s1807-59322008000600021
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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