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Sensors (Basel). 2019 Nov 30;19(23). pii: E5278. doi: 10.3390/s19235278.

A New Multiple Hypothesis Tracker Integrated with Detection Processing.

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School of Electronics & Information Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China.
Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB12PZ, UK.


In extant radar signal processing systems, detection and tracking are carried out independently, and detected measurements are utilized as inputs to the tracking procedure. Therefore, the tracking performance is highly associated with detection accuracy, and this performance may severely degrade when detections include a mass of false alarms and missed-targets errors, especially in dense clutter or closely-spaced trajectories scenarios. To deal with this issue, this paper proposes a novel method for integrating the multiple hypothesis tracker with detection processing. Specifically, the detector acquires an adaptive detection threshold from the output of the multiple hypothesis tracker algorithm, and then the obtained detection threshold is employed to compute the score function and sequential probability ratio test threshold for the data association and track estimation tasks. A comparative analysis of three tracking algorithms in a clutter dense scenario, including the proposed method, the multiple hypothesis tracker, and the global nearest neighbor algorithm, is conducted. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed multiple hypothesis tracker integrated with detection processing method outperforms both the standard multiple hypothesis tracker algorithm and the global nearest neighbor algorithm in terms of tracking accuracy.


multiple hypothesis tracker, adaptive detection threshold, score function, sequential probability ratio test

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