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Materials (Basel). 2016 Nov 10;9(11). pii: E915. doi: 10.3390/ma9110915.

Prediction of the Vickers Microhardness and Ultimate Tensile Strength of AA5754 H111 Friction Stir Welding Butt Joints Using Artificial Neural Network.

Author information

1
Department of Mechanics Mathematics and Management (DMMM), Polytechnic of Bari, Bari 70126, Italy. luigi.defilippis@poliba.it.
2
Department of Mechanics Mathematics and Management (DMMM), Polytechnic of Bari, Bari 70126, Italy. liviamaria.serio@poliba.it.
3
Department of Mechanics Mathematics and Management (DMMM), Polytechnic of Bari, Bari 70126, Italy. francesco.facchini@poliba.it.
4
Department of Mechanics Mathematics and Management (DMMM), Polytechnic of Bari, Bari 70126, Italy. giovanni.mummolo@poliba.it.
5
Department of Mechanics Mathematics and Management (DMMM), Polytechnic of Bari, Bari 70126, Italy. antoniodomenico.ludovico@poliba.it.

Abstract

A simulation model was developed for the monitoring, controlling and optimization of the Friction Stir Welding (FSW) process. This approach, using the FSW technique, allows identifying the correlation between the process parameters (input variable) and the mechanical properties (output responses) of the welded AA5754 H111 aluminum plates. The optimization of technological parameters is a basic requirement for increasing the seam quality, since it promotes a stable and defect-free process. Both the tool rotation and the travel speed, the position of the samples extracted from the weld bead and the thermal data, detected with thermographic techniques for on-line control of the joints, were varied to build the experimental plans. The quality of joints was evaluated through destructive and non-destructive tests (visual tests, macro graphic analysis, tensile tests, indentation Vickers hardness tests and t thermographic controls). The simulation model was based on the adoption of the Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) characterized by back-propagation learning algorithm with different types of architecture, which were able to predict with good reliability the FSW process parameters for the welding of the AA5754 H111 aluminum plates in Butt-Joint configuration.

KEYWORDS:

Aluminum Alloy (AA); Artificial Neural Network (ANN); Friction Stir Welding (FSW); Heat Effected Zone (HAZ); Ultimate Tensile Strength (UTS); hardness; mechanical properties; modeling; simulation

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